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House Republicans early Friday, after an initial defeat earlier in the week, narrowly passed a stopgap funding bill that includes $3.65 billion in disaster funding, with $1 billion of that credited to 2011 accounts to give an immediate boost to FEMA. To pay for that near-term funding, House Republicans cut $1.5 billion from a clean-energy vehicle technology program. Democrats opposed the program cut, saying it would cost thousands of jobs.

The Senate on Friday tabled that bill on a bipartisan 59-36 vote, and Mr. Reid then scheduled a Monday test vote on his plan, which accepted the Nov. 18 funding date and even adopted the House’s $3.65 billion disaster level, which is half of what Senate Democrats say is needed.

But Democrats drew the line at including offsets, saying the practice would set a dangerous precedent because it could delay the distribution of critical emergency funds.

Democrats also have argued the push for offsets is hypocritical and pointed to the myriad programs Republicans passed under President George W. Bush that were added to the deficit rather than offset - a huge new entitlement in the Medicare prescription drug bill, wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and several tax cuts.

White House press secretary Jay Carney on Monday accused conservative Republicans of holding the bill “hostage.”

“This is a basic function of Congress,” Mr. Carney told reporters aboard Air Force One. “They ought to be able to handle this basic responsibility.”

Last week, Mr. Reid said the money would be gone early this week.

But Monday afternoon, FEMA told congressional leaders it was able to delay some payments and juggle expenses enough to make it through the rest of this year.

The bill includes $2.65 billion in emergency money for 2012, which Mr. Reid said should last at least through Nov. 18, when Congress will have to revisit all 2012 spending.

Mr. Reid said he doesn’t expect another fight over emergency money and offsets then, saying he thought Republicans got burned by this one.

“I can’t imagine they would want to try this again,” he said.