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PIPES: Is Turkey going rogue?

Former NATO mainstay strikes belligerent stance

- The Washington Times - Tuesday, September 27, 2011

In a Middle East wracked by coupsd'etat and civil insurrections, the Republic of Turkey credibly offers itself as a model, thanks to its impressive economic growth, democratic system, political control of the military and secular order.

But in reality, Turkey may be, along with Iran, the most dangerous state of the region. Count the reasons:

Islamists without brakes: When four out of five of the Turkish chiefs of staff abruptly resigned July 29, they signaled the effective end of the republic founded in 1923 by Kemal Ataturk. A second republic headed by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Islamist colleagues of the AK Party (AKP) began that day. The military safely under their control, AKP ideologues now can pursue their ambitions to create an Islamic order.

An even worse opposition: Ironically, secular Turks tend to be more anti-Western than the AKP. The two other parties in parliament, the CHP and MHP, condemn the AKP's more enlightened policies, such as its approach to Syria and its stationing of a NATO radar system.

Looming economic collapse: Turkey faces a credit crunch, one largely ignored in light of crises in Greece and elsewhere. As analyst David Goldman points out, Mr. Erdogan and the AKP took the country on a financial binge - bank credit ballooned while the current account deficit soared, reaching unsustainable levels. The party's patronage machine borrowed massive amounts of short-term debt to finance a consumption bubble that effectively bought it the June elections. Mr. Goldman calls Mr. Erdogan a "Third World strongman" and compares Turkey today with Mexico in 1994 or Argentina in 2000, "where a brief boom financed by short-term foreign capital flows led to currency devaluation and a deep economic slump."

Escalating Kurdish problems: Some 15 percent to 20 percent of Turkey's citizens identify as Kurds, a distinct historical people. Although many Kurds are integrated, a separatist revolt against Ankara that began in 1984 recently has reached a new crescendo with a more assertive political leadership and more aggressive guerrilla attacks.

Mr. Erdogan, hero of the Arab street: In the tradition of Gamal Abdel Nasser and Saddam Hussein, the Turkish prime minister deploys anti-Zionist rhetoric to make himself an Arab political star. One shudders to think where, thrilled by this adulation, he may end up.

Looking for a fight with Israel: After Ankara backed a protest ship to Gaza in May 2010, MaviMarmara, whose aggression led Israeli forces to kill eight Turkish citizens plus an ethnic Turk, it has relentlessly exploited this incident to stoke domestic fury against the Jewish state. Mr. Erdogan has called the deaths a casus belli, speaks of a war with Israel "if necessary," and plans to send another ship to Gaza, this time with a Turkish military escort.

Stimulating an anti-Turkish faction: Turkish hostility has renewed Israel's historically warm relations with the Kurds and turned around its cool relations with Greece, Cyprus and even Armenia. Beyond local cooperation, this grouping will make life difficult for the Turks in Washington.

Asserting rights over Mediterranean energy reserves: Companies operating out of Israel discovered potentially immense gas and oilreserves in the Leviathan and other fields between Israel, Lebanon and Cyprus. When the government of Cyprus announced its plans to drill, Mr. Erdogan responded with threats to send Turkish "frigates, gunboats and ... air force." This dispute, just in its infancy, contains the potential elements of a huge crisis. Already, Moscow has sent submarines in solidarity with Cyprus.

Other international problems: Ankara threatens to freeze relations with the European Union in July 2012, when Cyprus assumes the rotating presidency. Turkish forces have seized a Syrian arms ship. Turkish threats to invade northern Iraq have worsened relations with Baghdad. Turkish and Iranian regimes may share an Islamist outlook, an anti-Kurd agenda and enjoy prospering trade relations, but their historic rivalry, contrary governing styles and competing ambitions have soured relations.

While Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu crows that Turkey is "right at the center of everything," AKP bellicosity has soured his vaunted "zero-problems" policy with neighbors, turning it into wide-ranging hostility and even potential military confrontation with Syria, Cyprus and Israel. As economic troubles hit, a once-exemplary member of NATO may go further off-track; watch for signs of Mr. Erdogan emulating his Venezuelan friend, Hugo Chavez.

That's why, along with Iranian nuclear weapons, I see a rogue Turkey as the region's greatest threat.

Daniel Pipes ( is president of the Middle East Forum and a visiting fellow at Stanford's Hoover Institution.

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