- Associated Press - Tuesday, September 6, 2011

MADISON, Wis. (AP) — U.S. Rep. Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin entered the race Tuesday for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by retiring Democratic Sen. Herb Kohl, becoming the first Democrat officially to jump into the contest.

The seat is one of at least eight open spots that will help determine the balance of power in the Senate, where Republicans need to pick up just four seats to take control.

One of the most liberal members of Congress, Miss Baldwin had been saying since Mr. Kohl announced his retirement in May that she seriously was considering a Senate bid. Her congressional district includes Madison, a liberal Democratic stronghold, and some surrounding rural areas.

Miss Baldwin, 49, made her announcement in an email and video announcement to supporters early Tuesday. If elected, she would become the first openly gay member of the Senate.

Miss Baldwin, the first woman whom Wisconsin voters sent to Congress, was also the first person elected to Congress after announcing he or she was gay. She first was elected in 1998.

She downplayed the historic significance of her candidacy during a conference call with reporters Tuesday. She said that she supports equal opportunity for all people, regardless of race or sexual orientation, but that her focus of the race will be on fighting for the middle class.

“From day one, I have always been open about my sexual orientation,” Miss Baldwin said on the call. “I think that integrity is something that is important to voters.”

She called for a new federal stimulus plan focused on improving schools, roads, bridges and other infrastructure in order to put people to work immediately.

“I hope we hear the president calling for that later this week,” she said.

Miss Baldwin also used her video message to mention her opposition to the war in Iraq and her support for ending the war in Afghanistan, as well as to hint at the obstacles her candidacy will face as she seeks to win her first statewide election.

“I’m used to facing challenges head-on,” she said. “When I first ran for Congress in 1998, people counted me out. But we worked hard, campaigned across south-central Wisconsin, and we won.”

Republicans are sure to go after Miss Baldwin’s liberal voting record, hoping to sway independent and moderate voters their way in a state that has swung between handing President Obama a 14-point win in 2008 and kicking Democrats out of power in the Statehouse in 2010.

Former Republican U.S. Rep. Mark Neumann entered the Senate race last week. Mr. Neumann said at the time that he was focusing his campaign on Miss Baldwin, who he presumed would capture the Democratic nomination.

Mr. Neumann and other Republicans lined up to cast Miss Baldwin as a liberal who is unelectable statewide.

“I’m a conservative, she’s a liberal — it’s that simple,” Neumann said in his statement.

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