- Tenn. woman receives two-year sentence for stealing $364K meant for homeless veterans
- School bus driver gets probation after kicking autistic girl, 8
- Ex-Army Ranger petitions to keep tan beret off certain soldiers’ heads
- U.S. clears sale of $680 million in Black Hawk helicopters to Mexico
- Justice Dept.’s new clemency guidelines: Crack offenders most obvious candidates
- Kansas man wants ‘Murder’ tattoo removed from neck before murder trial
- Obama goes golfing as family mourns aunt’s death in Boston
- Atheists win prayer battle against California city council
- Americans for Prosperity ad attacks N.H. Sen. Jeanne Shaheen’s Obamacare vote
- Senate races are close in Southern states, poll shows
Charities seek levy on shipping fuel for climate
AMSTERDAM (AP) - U.N. climate negotiators should consider a fuel surcharge on international shipping to partly finance a $100 billion annual pledge to help developing countries meet the challenges of global warming, environmental groups proposed in a report released Thursday.
Oxfam and the World Wildlife Fund suggested a levy of $25 per ton on fuels that drive the global merchant marine, which transports 90 percent of world trade and contributes about 3 percent of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.
A surcharge at that level would add 0.2 percent to shipping costs, or $2 on every $1,000, the report said, but would raise at least $25 billion a year.
Delegates from 193 countries convene in Durban, South Africa for two weeks beginning Nov. 28, the next in an annual series of U.N. conferences seeking a global agreement to curb emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases that scientists say is responsible for climate change.
The last conference in Cancun, Mexico, created a $100 billion Green Climate Fund starting in 2020, but left open how that would be mobilized. It said only that it should come from public and private sources.
The Oxfam-WWF report said a carbon levy would be a first step. Part of the revenue could be directed to poor countries to offset higher import costs, but at least $10 billion a year could be deposited in the climate fund.
“Our research shows it is possible to cut the massive greenhouse gas emissions from shipping without unfairly hitting developing countries, and to generate billions of dollars in new cash for climate action in poor countries in the process,” said Tim Gore, who co-authored the report for Oxfam.
The world’s cargo fleet of about 50,000 ships is powered by heavily polluting oil known as bunker fuels. The International Maritime Organization, the U.N. agency that regulates shipping, says the fleet’s emissions are expected to double or even triple by mid-century if no action is taken.
In July, the IMO’s powerful Environment Protection Committee decided that new ships must meet energy efficiency standards _ a ruling that in effect will lead to emission reductions. The decision is expected to be endorsed by agency’s general meeting of 169 member nations in November.
The IMO’s action is the first measure on climate change to apply equally to all countries regardless of whether they are from the industrial or developing world.
The report by Oxfam and WWF, said the additional cost of importing food, for example, would be insignificant compared with the volatility of food and oil prices.
IMO studies cited by the report said the levy would drive up fuel costs by no more than 10 percent. “This is much less than the fluctuation of fuel prices over the past decade,” it said.
TWT Video Picks
Feds who send arms against ranch families betray American values
- CARSON: When government looks more like foe than friend
- Nevada rancher Cliven Bundy hailed as patriot, ripped as lawless deadbeat
- Pentagon plans to replace flight crews with 'full-time' robots
- IRS revokes conservative group's tax-exempt status over anti-Clinton statements: report
- Tactical advantage: Russian military shows off impressive new gear
- America is an oligarchy, not a democracy or republic, university study finds
- Texas is next! AG warns BLM wants 90,000 acres after Bundy ranch standoff
- Ministry of Truth: SCOTUS skeptical of law to police campaign 'lies'
- EDITORIAL: Voting with one's feet shows folly of liberal economic policies
- Ukraine claims torture by pro-Russian forces on the heels of Biden's stern warning to Moscow
Top 10 handguns in the U.S.
Celebrity deaths in 2014