Bernanke: Fed working on regulatory failures

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WASHINGTON (AP) — Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke said Monday that the Fed is working to address the regulatory failures that were exposed by the 2008 financial crisis, but he cautioned that as the financial system evolves, new risks will emerge.

The Fed has overhauled its regulatory efforts to focus much more on the stability of the entire financial system, Mr. Bernanke said. It seeks to avoid mistakes of the past crisis, such as big non-bank institutions escaping supervision.

But the Fed chief said it was not enough for regulators just to address problems exposed by the crisis. The financial system constantly is evolving and unanticipated future risks to stability will develop, he said.

Mr. Bernanke’s comments came in a speech Monday night in Stone Mountain, Ga., at a conference sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.

The financial crisis, which hit with force in the fall of 2008 after the collapse of Lehman Brothers, underscored the need for regulators to do a better job in policing the financial system, he said.

“About three and a half years have passed since the darkest days of the financial crisis, but our economy is still far from having fully recovered from its effects,” Mr. Bernanke said in his remarks.

In terms of closer supervision, Bernanke noted that the central bank last month released the results of stringent stress tests in which all but four of 19 major U.S. financial institutions got passing grades. The Fed declared the institutions strong enough to survive an economic downturn worse than the Great Recession.

In another example of stepped-up supervision, Mr. Bernanke said that the Fed has been actively monitoring U.S. banks’ direct and indirect exposure to the European debt crisis. It also is tracking the way U.S. banks are managing their exposure to the crisis.

But Mr. Bernanke said regulators still are grappling with what approach to take in some areas, such as regulation of money-market funds. He said that more regulation of this industry may be needed, citing a proposal being pushed by Mary Schapiro, chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Her proposal aims to reduce the vulnerability of money-market funds to financial runs by panicked investors rushing to withdraw their investments.

“Additional steps to increase the resiliency of money-market funds are important for the overall stability of our financial system and warrant serious consideration,” Mr. Bernanke said.

During the 2008 financial crisis, the Treasury Department and the Federal Reserve pledged to backstop all money-market funds after one large fund with heavy exposure to Lehman Brothers came under financial pressure, sending shockwaves through the entire industry.

In response to questions, Mr. Bernanke said regulators still were seeking the proper balance in implementing a rule named for former Fed Chairman Paul Volcker. The rule would limit the amount of trading financial institutions can do for their own accounts, as opposed to trading for clients. Regulators need to strike the proper balance or they will run the risk of reducing liquidity in important financial markets, he said.

Mr. Bernanke did not discuss current Fed interest rate policies during his appearance Monday night.

He said the Fed and other banking regulators are moving to impose tougher standards, not just on big banks but on big non-financial institutions such as insurance companies. The aim is to better regulate all financial institutions that could pose a risk to the stability of the financial system.

“But even as we make progress on known vulnerabilities, we must be mindful that our financial system is constantly evolving and that unanticipated risks will develop over time,” Mr. Bernanke said.

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