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Iran, given its special relations with Syria, can be part of the solution,” Mr. Annan said during a news conference with Iran’s Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi in Tehran. “The geopolitical location of Syria is such that any miscalculation and error can have unimaginable consequences.”

Iran has opposed any foreign intervention in the crisis, and Mr. Salehi insisted that “change in Syria” should come under the leadership of Mr. Assad.