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Radiologists could help by raising the threshold for noting abnormalities, wrote Dr. Joann Elmore of the University of Washington School of Medicine and Dr. Suzanne Fletcher of Harvard Medical School.

A “watch-and-wait” approach has been suggested instead of an immediate biopsy, but the editorial writers acknowledge that could be a “tough sell” for some women and radiologists alike.

They said most women aren’t aware of the possibility of overdiagnosis.

“We have an ethical responsibility to alert women to this phenomenon,” they wrote.