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In the poem, Grass didn’t mention those calls, which have been made by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, but obliquely referred to the Iranian people being “subjugated by a loudmouth.”

Israel is widely believed to have an arsenal of nuclear weapons, but has never admitted it, pursuing instead an official policy of “ambiguity” to deter potential attackers.


Ali Akbar Dareini in Tehran, Iran, contributed to this report.


Juergen Baetz can be reached on Twitter at