JOHANNESBURG — Africa will continue its economic growth next year, but faces increasing threats from continued political instability, youth unemployment and the global recession dragging down oil and commodity prices, a leading economist said Tuesday.
A forecast from the African Development Bank expects 4.5 percent growth across Africa in 2012 and 4.8 percent growth in 2013, with sub-Saharan Africa to grow at an even faster pace, the bank’s chief economist Mthuli Ncube said.
Post-revolution Libya should see its economy grow by 14.8 percent over that period, as normalcy returns and oil exports return to normal levels, he said.
However, the political instability caused by the Arab Spring and other concerns has weighed down the economies of North Africa, particularly Egypt, a report by the bank released Tuesday shows.
“If you overlay [political] exclusion with natural resources, leaders never leave,” Mr. Ncube said. “And if they do leave, they never leave quietly.”
The bank’s forecast also estimates sluggish economic growth from South Africa as well, with 2.9 percent growth in a nation that’s typically a leader on the continent. The government announced Tuesday that the nation’s unemployment rate slightly dropped to 24.9 percent from 25.2 percent.
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