- Associated Press - Tuesday, August 14, 2012

AMMAN, Jordan (AP) — The Syrian prime minister who defected to the opposition said Tuesday that President Bashar Assad’s regime was near collapse and urged other political and military leaders to tip the scales and join the rebel side.

The comments by Riad Hijab were his first public statements since leaving his post and fleeing to Jordan with his family last week. Mr. Hijab is the highest-ranking political figure to defect from Mr. Assad’s regime.

“The regime is on the verge of collapse morally and economically, in addition to cracks in the military,” Mr. Hijab told a press conference in the Jordanian capital, Amman.

Mr. Hijab is a Sunni Muslim from the eastern province of Deir el-Zour, where rebels claimed to have shot down an army MiG-23 warplane on Monday. Mr. Hijab, who was not part of Mr. Assad’s inner circle, said the trip to Jordan lasted three days, during which he was protected by rebels of the Free Syrian Army.

He said he felt “pain in his soul” over the regime’s shelling and other attacks on rebel strongholds as the government stepped up its military offensive. Activists say more than 20,000 people been killed in the struggle since March 2011.

“I was powerless to stop the injustice,” Mr. Hijab said, speaking in front of the rebel flag. He called on “honorable leaders” in Syria to defect as well.

Syria is full of honorable officials and military leaders who are waiting for the chance to join the revolution,” he said, adding that Mr. Assad’s forces control only 30 percent of Syria.

“I urge the army to follow the example of Egypt’s and Tunisia’s armies — take the side of the people,” he added.

Mr. Hijab said he was now backing the rebels, but he gave no clue on his plans. There has been speculation that he would travel to the Gulf nation of Qatar, which is one of the rebels’ main supporters.

A spokesman for outgoing U.N. peace envoy Kofi Annan said that Syrian authorities have backed Lakhdar Brahimi as his successor. The spokesman, Ahmed Fawzi, said the next step was for Mr. Brahimi, a former Algerian foreign affairs minister and longtime U.N. official, to formally accept the post and resume efforts for a diplomatic solution to Syria‘s crisis.

In Geneva, the United Nations said its humanitarian chief, Valerie Amos, has begun talks in Syria on a mission to boost international aid inside the war-battered country. Ms. Amos was to meet with Syria‘s Foreign Ministry and the Red Crescent, which has been the pipeline for humanitarian supplies to Syrians caught in the civil war.

Jens Laerke, a spokesman for the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Geneva, said Ms. Amos is on a three-day visit to the region. The United Nations estimates that 2 million people in Syria have been injured or displaced or are facing problems securing food or other necessities. Also, more than 200,000 people have fled to neighboring countries, including Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan.

In Lebanon, the militant Hezbollah group denied Tuesday that a man captured in the Syrian capital of Damascus and shown in a video released by the rebels was one of its members.

The video is the latest incident to reflect rising sectarian divisions in Syria‘s vicious civil war, which has seen an increase in abductions of Shiite Muslims, who many rebel fighters perceive as supporting Mr. Assad. The regime is dominated by members of Mr. Assad’s Alawite minority sect, an offshoot of Shiite Islam. Sunnis, who are the majority in Syria, make up the backbone of the opposition.

The video purporting to show the captured Lebanese man followed another highly circulated rebel video Monday, showing the downing of the Syrian MiG and armed men later holding the captured pilot who ejected. Syria acknowledged a pilot had bailed out of a disabled plane but blamed the crash in Deir el-Zour on a technical malfunction.

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