Global governments tangle over role in Web

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DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Talks over proposed U.N. regulations for the Internet were deeply divided Monday, with Russia and others advocating for more government sway while a U.S.-led bloc warned against rules that could restrict freedoms in cyberspace.

The Dubai conference, which wraps up later this week, is not empowered to bring about any immediate changes on how the Internet operates.

But the U.S. and its backers argue that sanctioning greater government roles in Internet oversight could allow governments that heavily censor Web traffic, such as China or Iran, to justify more restrictions and monitoring.

A high-powered U.S. delegation — including representatives from tech giants such as Google Inc. and Microsoft Corp. — has tried to block all discussions about Internet regulations.

The effort, however, has met strong resistance from countries such as Russia that want greater control over Internet commerce and security.

So far, the closed-door talks have failed to find much common ground at the 193-nation U.N. International Telecommunications Union, which last updated its rules in 1988 before the Internet became a global force.

“What’s happened in the conference is a variety of proposals have come in from other nations that get into the Internet, that look at Internet governance,” the head of the 123-member U.S. delegation, Ambassador Terry Kramer, said in a video uploaded by organizers late Sunday. “It creates an open door for review of content and potential censorship there. It will create a chilling environment for the Internet.”

For several days, U.S.-led envoys fought a proposal submitted by the host United Arab Emirates, which last month passed sweeping Internet legislation outlawing social media posts that insult rulers or call for protests.

The proposal — backed by countries such Russia, China and other Arab states — was removed from discussion Monday, conference organizers said, after an uproar from Web activists supporting the American position.

Among its provisions was a call for governments to have “equal rights to manage the Internet,” including its technical workings, according to a text leaked by a website, wcitleaks.org. The site claimed to have access to meeting documents that have not been made public.

It’s unclear, however, whether the American views have gained the upper hand as the talks move into their final days. U.S. officials say other proposals that support a greater government voice in Internet affairs are still active.

Many analysts on Internet technology say the proposals could further squeeze the Internet in countries where it is closely regulated, even though it won’t fundamentally alter cyberspace in places with traditions of openness.

“These proposals would break what’s working — freedom of information and freedom of access,” tech analyst Elise Ackerman wrote in a column for Forbes. “And they wouldn’t help fix the parts of the Internet that need reinforcing, namely security and privacy.”

She noted, however, that the conference reflects a general push for more “international policy-making” as U.S. dominance of the Internet weakens.

On Monday, the head of the U.N. telecommunications agency, Hamadoun Toure, was scheduled to meet with civil society groups who have complained about being excluded from the talks.

Other issues at the conference also remain unresolved, including a European-led proposal to charge content providers for access to cross-border markets.

The idea is strongly opposed by U.S. companies such as Google, Facebook Inc., Amazon.com Inc. and others. Supporters say the so-called “toll” could be used by developing countries to fund expansion of Internet services.

Copyright 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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