Briefly: Car bomb hits NATO air base hours after Panetta’s visit

AFGHANISTAN

KANDAHAR — A suicide car bomber attacked a NATO air base in southern Afghanistan just hours after Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta left Thursday, killing two civilians and injuring 19 other people, police said.

There was no indication that the attack was connected with Mr. Panetta’s visit, a U.S. spokesman said.

Taliban insurgents claimed responsibility for the attack in a message to Agence France-Presse but did not link it to Mr. Panetta’s visit.

INDIA

Cash-system welfare plan sparks a range of reaction

NEW DELHI — Protesters gathered Thursday in New Delhi to oppose a government plan that would transform India’s corruption-ridden welfare system by replacing subsidies with direct cash transfers.

The ruling Congress party, which is looking to the policy as a major vote-winner ahead of elections in 2014, has started trials and hopes to introduce the plan nationwide next year.

Instead of buying food, fuel and fertilizer at discounted rates from a government shop, those with identity cards will be paid cash by the government to purchase goods at market prices.

Many economists say the system will improve efficiency and reduce massive graft, but the realities of implementing the huge changes have sparked widespread opposition.

Under the cash model, the government can keep track of the funds it spends, cut endemic graft among middlemen and make the money conditional on things such as sending children to school.

A trial run in Rajasthan has hit trouble as a result of cash not reaching many of the 250,000 residents involved, even though they were listed on a new identity program that is key to the welfare shake-up.

JAPAN

Chinese plane spotted over disputed islands

TOKYO — A Chinese airplane was spotted Thursday above small islands controlled by Tokyo but claimed by Beijing, the first time a Chinese aircraft allegedly violated airspace over the islands and the latest in a brewing territorial spat.

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