It’s the only Japanese island invaded by U.S. land forces during World War II. It endured 27 years under U.S. administration, and it continues to host two-thirds of Japan’s U.S. bases.
The 1995 rape of a schoolgirl by two Marines and a sailor spread rage across the island of about 1.4 million. Now another rape and other crimes allegedly by U.S. servicemen have triggered a new wave of anger, though the suspects make up a tiny portion of the 28,000 U.S. troops stationed here.
Some Okinawans get emotional just talking about the stress they feel living in the U.S. military’s shadow.
“Everywhere, everyone who has a daughter is feeling this way,” said Tomoharu Nakasone, a father of four daughters, choking back tears.
Mr. Nakasone, who runs an FM radio station, grew up with the bases and thought he was used to the idea, even forgiving a fatal 2009 hit-and-run by a serviceman as a mistake. But he was outraged by the latest rape — in a parking lot in October — and petrified by a bizarre incident weeks later in which a 13-year-old boy was beaten in his own home while watching TV, allegedly by a U.S. airman.
“Entering someone’s home is simply not normal. It is the lowest of human behavior,” he said.
There has always been a degree of strain between Okinawans and U.S. troops, but it has grown more pronounced in recent months, not only because of crime but because of safety concerns surrounding the MV-22 Osprey, a U.S. hybrid aircraft with tilting rotors recently brought to the island.
The U.S. troops, mostly Marines and Air Force, are stationed on Okinawa under a bilateral alliance that’s the cornerstone of Tokyo’s foreign policy.
U.S. Ambassador John Roos and the commander of the U.S. forces in Japan have apologized for the crimes, promised to cooperate with the Japanese police investigations and increased restrictions on troops.
“We take the relationship with Japan very serious,” Lt. Col. David Honchul, U.S. Forces Japan spokesman, said. “That’s why these actions have all taken place because we are trying to show the citizens of Japan that we take this serious, and we are going to address this. And it’s also telling our own service members that we take this very seriously.”
The rules were tightened further after a drunken driving accident off base last month. Now U.S. troops in Okinawa are barred from buying or consuming alcohol off-base. Even on base, sales of alcohol stop from 10 p.m. to 8 a.m.
Despite the military’s efforts, many Okinawans sound fed up with American troops.
“They are being trained to kill for war. They can’t look at a person as a human being,” said Hiyori Mekaru, a 40-year-old nurse who has lived all her life on Okinawa. “I am angry. I don’t want this kind of future, where we must have our children grow up, learning the names of military planes.”