- Associated Press - Sunday, December 16, 2012

PYONGYANG, North Korea (AP) — North Korea parlayed the success of last week’s rocket launch to glorify leader Kim Jong-un and his late father on Sunday, the eve of the first anniversary of his death.

The successful firing the rocket on Wednesday — ostensibly to place a satellite in space — was a clear sign that Mr. Kim will continue his father, Kim Jong Il’s militaristic hard-line policies despite international condemnation.

The West sees the rocket as a thinly disguised way of carrying out U.N-banned tests of long-range missile technology, which it says not only threatens regional stability but is also a waste of resources when millions of North Koreans have little to eat in the famine-beset country crying out for economic reforms.

It is also feared that after the rocket launch, Pyongyang will press ahead with a nuclear test to build a warhead small enough to be carried by a long-range missile.

At a somber memorial service Sunday to start a fresh round of mourning, North Korea’s top leadership predictably eulogized Kim Jong-il and his son, who is certain to have gained national prestige and clout by going ahead with the rocket launch.

Kim Yong-nam, president of the Presidium of North Korea’s parliament, credited Kim Jong-il with building Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons program and called the satellite launch a “shining victory” and an emblem of the promise that lies ahead with his son in power.

Top military official Choe Ryong Hae, meanwhile, warned that the army was prepared to defend the country’s sovereignty.

Wednesday’s launch was North Korea’s second attempt in eight months to fulfill Kim Jong-il’s 14-year quest to put a satellite into space. International experts confirmed that the rocket succeeding in reaching space.

Criticism of the launch was swift. The United States called it a covert test of missile technology, and the U.N. Security Council condemned the launch as a violation of resolutions barring Pyongyang from developing its nuclear and missile programs.

However, the launch fit neatly into the preparations to mark the first anniversary of Kim’s death and the rise of his young son.

Even before his death, Kim Jong-il had laid the ground for his son to inherit a government with national policies focused on science, technology and improving the economy. The son has been characterized as forward-thinking and tech-savvy — and the kind of man bold enough to take a gamble on a tricky rocket launch.

A launch in April, sent amid festivities to mark the centenary of the birth of North Korea founder Kim Il-sung, the current leader’s grandfather, ended in failure shortly after liftoff.

Kim Jong-un made clear his intention to treat Wednesday’s successful launch as a gift to his father.

He invited scientists in charge of the launch from a west coast launch pad to Pyongyang for the mourning rites, including a visit to the mausoleum where Kim Jong-il’s body is believed to be lying in state “to report to him” on the success of the launch, according to state media.

Kim Jong-il’s body has not been seen since the funeral that followed his Dec. 17, 2011, death of a heart attack. The mausoleum that houses the embalmed body of his father, Kim Il-sung, is expected to reopen this week. Both bodies will then be on display.

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