Tradition trumped suspense Monday as members of the Electoral College cast the official, final votes in the 2012 presidential election, a constitutional formality on President Obama’s march to a second term.
The rite playing in state capitols involved party luminaries and tireless activists carrying out the will of each state’s voters. The popular vote from state to state dictates whether Democratic or Republican electors get the honor, but the outcome wasn’t in doubt. Mr. Obama had well more than the 270 votes required to win the White House.
Mr. Obama was on course to get 332 votes to Republican Mitt Romney’s 206, barring defectors known as “faithless electors.” California’s 55 electoral votes — the largest cache in any state — helped put the Democratic president over the top by late Monday afternoon. Electors also were affirming Joseph R. Biden for another term as vice president.
“Everybody votes for president, but nobody gets a real vote except a presidential elector,” said elector Mike Bohan of Oregon, which was in Mr. Obama’s column.
Ceremonies around the country had their share of pomp and electors in red, white and blue ties. Wisconsin’s electors donned pin-on buttons with headshots of the president. A bit of controversy erupted in Arizona, where a few electors voiced doubts that Mr. Obama was “properly vetted as a legitimate candidate for president” by raising debunked claims about his birth certificate.
In New Hampshire, electors supporting Mr. Obama signed their four ballots and then certificates that were sealed in envelopes with wax that has been in the secretary of state’s office for more than 70 years.
“It’s been a long haul for all of us,” said state Secretary of State Bill Gardner, alluding to New Hampshire’s first-in-the-nation primary that sparked intense campaigning there for more than a year.
Colorado elector Anthony Graves called his votes for Mr. Obama and Mr. Biden “one of the great honors of my life.”
In a rotunda decked out for the holidays, Minnesota’s 10 electors called out the name “Barack Obama” one after another in an exercise meant to avoid a miscue that left the state with an accidental faithless elector in 2004. Former legislator Al Patton, who also was an elector four years ago, acknowledged the historical magnitude was less than in 2008 when Mr. Obama was elected the nation’s first black president. But Mr. Patton said he still was honored to be involved.
Vermont’s meeting of three electors was witnessed by a fifth-grade class.
“It was an amazing teachable opportunity,” said Cindy Tan, a teacher at Chamberlin School in South Burlington. “It only happens every four years.”
Connecticut’s electors convened in the state Senate chamber and solemnly remembered the victims of last week’s school shooting before carrying out their task.
In Mississippi, which Mr. Romney carried comfortably, six men chosen earlier as electors met in a small committee room in the state Capitol and cast their votes for the GOP candidate. Well aware they were doing so in a lost cause, they opted for humor. The state’s Republican governor, Phil Bryant, joked that Billy Mounger, an 86-year-old elector, probably wished to vote for Calvin Coolidge, a renowned small-government conservative president in the 1920s.
“I’d like to have Coolidge back,” said Mr. Mounger, a Jackson businessman.
Next door in Alabama, Republicans still were bothered by the election outcome.