- - Monday, December 3, 2012

GOMA — Congolese soldiers took back control of this strategic city of 1 million on Monday, though the rebels who occupied it for two weeks continued to stake out positions less than two miles away, threatening to seize it anew if Congo fails to meet their demands.

The soldiers’ return came 13 days after the city fell to the rebels, who are widely believed to be backed by Rwanda.

In a worrying sign, however, the M23 rebels remained in tactical positions in the hills nearby, saying they were waiting for the government to respond to their grievances before deciding whether to try to retake the city.

The rebels claim to be fighting for the better implementation of a March 23, 2009, peace accord, which saw them integrated into the national army.

Analysts say the real reason for the rebellion is Rwanda’s desire to annex territory in the mineral-rich mountains at the border between the two countries.


Terrorist trial to expose global financial support

PARIS — A trial opened Monday for 10 suspects charged with supporting a jihadist network, in a case expected to expose details of a global terrorist finance system linked to al Qaeda.

The trial began four years after the suspects, mostly Turkish-speaking, were rounded up in a police sweep in France, Germany and the Netherlands.

The defendants are suspected of collecting funds for the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, which the U.N. listed as an al Qaeda affiliate just weeks after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks in the U.S.


Government projects balanced budget

BERLIN — Germany will achieve a balanced budget across all layers of government this year, thanks to a resilient economy, low unemployment, higher tax revenues and low borrowing costs, the Finance Ministry said Monday.

New borrowing is forecast to fall from just less than 1 percent of economic output in 2011 to zero percent this year when using the European Union’s official debt criteria, the ministry said.

Still, Germany’s federal, state and local governments are set to take on combined new debt of $34.4 billion this year, slightly up over last year’s $34 billion.

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