- Associated Press - Sunday, December 9, 2012

JERUSALEM (AP) — The rising confidence and bellicosity of Hamas militants in the Gaza Strip, combined with rapidly deteriorating relations with Israel’s would-be peace partner in the West Bank, are raising jitters in Israel that a new Palestinian uprising could be near.

A number of prominent voices urged Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Sunday to take steps to ease the tensions and bolster Western-backed Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. Mr. Netanyahu’s political rival, former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, warned that renewed violence might not be “far off.”

But the Israeli leader stood tough. Poised for re-election, it appears unlikely he will float a bold new initiative any time soon.

“We in the government have no illusions. We want a true peace with our neighbors, but we will not close our eyes and stick our heads in the sand,” Mr. Netanyahu told his Cabinet.

Over the past month, Mr. Netanyahu has taken a series of steps that appear to have unintentionally emboldened the rival Palestinian leaderships in Gaza and the West Bank.

In mid-November, Israel carried out an eight-day military offensive in Gaza in response to months of intensifying rocket fire from the Hamas-ruled territory.

Although Israel claimed to inflict heavy damage, the operation failed to halt the rocket fire before an Egyptian-brokered cease-fire took hold and Hamas emerged intact. Hamas has claimed victory, won newfound recognition across the Middle East and boosted its popularity with the Palestinian public.

Hundreds of thousands of people took to the streets of Gaza over the weekend to welcome the movement’s exiled leader, Khaled Mashaal, as the Islamic militant group celebrated its 25th anniversary with rallies, speeches and displays of weapons.

It was the first time Mr. Mashaal has ever been to Gaza, and his presence in the seaside territory was a reflection of the group’s rising clout. Mr. Mashaal, who survived an Israeli assassination attempt in 1997, is now confident enough to enter Gaza and walk around in public, thanks to his group’s warm relations with the new Muslim Brotherhood-dominated regime in neighboring Egypt.

Mr. Mashaal, known as a relative pragmatist inside the movement, showed no signs of moderation during the three-day visit. In speech after speech, Mr. Mashaal praised Hamas fighters for standing up to Israel and repeated the movement’s original goal of wiping Israel off the map.

“God willing, we shall liberate Palestine together, inch by inch,” Mr. Mashaal told university students on Sunday, referring to the West Bank, Gaza, Jerusalem and Israel. “We started this path, and we are going to continue until we achieve what God has promised.”

Hamas seized control of Gaza in mid-2007, ousting forces loyal to Mr. Abbas. Repeated attempts at reconciliation have failed.

The Palestinian rift has pushed Mr. Abbas into an uneasy alliance with Israel, with both sides united in their opposition to Hamas. But Israel’s ties with Mr. Abbas also have frayed as peace efforts remained frozen. Mr. Abbas and Mr. Netanyahu blame each other for the deadlock.

Fed up with the impasse, Mr. Abbas last month won U.N. recognition of a Palestinian state in the West Bank, east Jerusalem and Gaza Strip, territories captured by Israel in the 1967 Mideast war.

While the move did not change the situation on the ground, it was seen as an international endorsement of the Palestinian position on future borders with Israel.

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