WASHINGTON — Chairman Ben S. Bernanke defended the Federal Reserve’s decision to hold interest rates at record-low levels for the next three years, during a contentious hearing before federal lawmakers.
The Fed chairman told the House Budget Committee Thursday that the central bank’s plan is an appropriate step to combat high unemployment while inflation is stable.
“I think this policy runs the great risk of fueling asset bubbles, destabilizing prices and eventually eroding the value of the dollar,” Ryan told Bernanke. “The prospect of all three is adding to uncertainty and holding our economy back.”
Bernanke disagreed. He said prices have stabilized since spiking in early 2011 and the dollar has shown no signs of weakening.
Bernanke testified one week after the Fed signaled that a full recovery could take at least three more years. As a result, the Fed said it doesn’t plan to raise its benchmark interest rate from a record low before late 2014 at the earliest.
The questions from lawmakers covered a range of topics, from Europe’s debt crisis to the surging federal deficit.
Bernanke didn’t stray far from remarks he made last week after the Fed’s policy meeting. He said the economy has shown improvement, but that the pace has been frustratingly slow. He noted that many threats remain, including Europe’s debt crisis and the nation’s rising debt.
“We still have a long way to go before the labor market can be said to be operating normally,” Bernanke told the committee.
Bernanke generally received praise from Democrats, while Republicans were more critical.
Rep. Scott Garrett, New Jersey Republican, said the Fed ventured into Congress’s territory when it issued a white paper last month exploring proposals to rescue the troubled housing market. He compared the action to lawmakers approving a resolution instructing the Fed on monetary policy — the Fed’s use of interest rates to try to boost or slow the economy.
Bernanke apologized if Garrett felt the Fed went too far. He said that the weak housing sector was holding back overall growth and that this was of great concern for the Fed. He said the central bank did not endorse any actions but instead just explored various policy options.
“We were trying to provide pros and cons,” Bernanke said.