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“I think it’s something of an impediment to progress,” he told Washington Times editors and reporters in an exclusive interview Wednesday. “There’s no question this has taken some of the steam we need to get this done.”

Mr. Kline’s Student Success Act would eliminate AYP and replace it with state-designed accountability systems that must be implemented within two years of the act becoming law. Partly because of Democrats’ objections, the bill would also restore an administrative cap to federal Title 1 money, meant to aid the most disadvantaged students. A previous Republican proposal would have allowed some Title 1 money to be used for other purposes.

He also unveiled the “Encouraging Innovation and Effective Teachers Act,” which would eliminate the “highly qualified teacher” designation under No Child Left Behind, which many argue places too much weight to a teacher’s degrees and certifications, rather than his actual performance in the classroom.

The bill calls on states to develop their own teacher evaluation systems, which must include assessments of instructors classroom leadership and their students academic achievement, within three years.