Mitt Romney is taking a lot of heat from his Republican rivals, who question just how successful he really has been in turning small businesses into major job-creating enterprises.
These are companies that were not well known at the time but have since become household names - such as the office-supply firm Staples, one of Mr. Romney’s earliest investments. Mr. Romney and Bain Capital, the venture-capital company he co-founded, plowed $4.5 million into the tiny business, begun by two entrepreneurs in Brighton, Mass., in 1986.
Staples has since grown to more than 2,000 stores in 26 countries, employing thousands of people. Mr. Romney and his partners raised the capital they used to invest from private investors, and their success with Staples provided them with additional resources to invest in other entrepreneurs to expand their enterprises.
Bain grew, and in the process, it hired a lot of business analysts and other support personnel. The companies in which they invested or that they acquired in buyout deals became hugely successful enterprises: Domino’s Pizza, Sealy, Sports Authority, Dunkin’ Donuts, Toys R Us, Burger King and countless other firms whose expansion over the years has created thousands of jobs.
But venture-capital investing and acquisitions is a risky business, and not all of the ventures worked out. Even in the best of times, about half of all small businesses close within the first five years. So some of Bain’s investments failed and went bankrupt, people lost their jobs, and that’s what Newt Gingrich and other GOP candidates are pointing to in their desperate, demagogic attacks on Mr. Romney’s record in the business world.
The former speaker, who has spent most of his adult life living on the government payroll, says he’s for capitalism but not when investors can profit from failure and “go off with millions; that’s not traditional capitalism.”
Well, sometimes it is. The assets of a failed company have to be sold, and the investors who lent the money are often first in line to be paid back.
“You would certainly have to say that Bain, at times, engaged in behavior where they looted a company, leaving behind 1,700 unemployed people,” Mr. Gingrich said during Sunday’s candidate debate on “Meet the Press.”
That’s a strange accusation coming from someone who was paid nearly $2 million by Freddie Mac, the federally funded home-mortgage giant that was at the center of the subprime mortgage scandal and eventually was bailed out by the taxpayers to the tune of $153 billion.
While Freddie Mac was spiraling into a bottomless pit of debt, Mr. Gingrich and his firm were profiting handsomely from what his critics say was a lucrative lobbying job to connect the agency with key conservatives in Congress.
During one of the Republican presidential debates, Rep. Ron Paul suggested that Mr. Gingrich was, in effect, being paid with taxpayer bailouts.
For 25 years, Mr. Romney pursued a successful career in business before he seriously plunged into politics, pooling venture capital in the private sector and seeking out good investment opportunities that created a lot of jobs.
It’s not clear how many jobs because Bain did not keep records on the number of jobs its investments created. It was in the business of bankrolling companies that would grow and provide Bain with a good return on its investment. That’s how capitalism works, Newt.
Mr. Romney freely admits that not all of Bain’s investments succeeded, but most did. A Wall Street Journal study of 77 businesses in which Bain invested when Mr. Romney headed the company between 1984 and 1999 showed that 22 percent of them failed within an eight-year period but the rest succeeded, rewarding Bain with 50 percent to 80 percent yearly gains over that period.