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But he put forward a plan to seek what amounts to a “second opinion” from an appeals court on the ruling. It was not immediately clear, however, whether the appeals court would accept the legislature’s request. The move, however, may have been designed as a face-saving measure — defying the military’s order to disband the legislature while making a show of respect for the law.

Both Mr. Morsi and Mr. el-Katatni are longtime members of the Muslim Brotherhood, the fundamentalist group that long has been at odds with successive Egyptian governments.

In its only public comment on the dispute, the military Monday delivered a thinly veiled warning to Mr. Morsi, saying the armed forces sides with the “constitution, legitimacy and law” — language that means the powerful military will not stand by and watch a ruling by the country's highest court ignored or breached.

The military handed over power to Mr. Morsi on June 30 after ruling Egypt since Mubarak’s downfall.

In the run-up to the handover, the military declared itself the country’s legislative authority in the absence of a parliament and gave itself control over the drafting of a new constitution and the national budget. The generals also stripped Mr. Morsi of significant powers.

For the second consecutive day, Mr. Morsi attended a military graduation ceremony, apparently in a bid to ease the perception of a growing showdown with the country’s powerful generals. Also present in Tuesday’s ceremony in a Nile Delta air base was Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, the country’s top soldier, and his chief of staff, Sami Anan.

Mr. Morsi is Egypt‘s first democratically elected president. Unlike his four predecessors, he does not have a military background and is not the supreme commander of the armed forces. Under a “constitutional declaration” issued by the military on June 17, Mr. Morsi cannot declare war or order troops on the streets in the case of a domestic crisis without prior agreement from the military.