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Despite attending eight Olympics — one as an athlete and seven as a spectator — Bannister never won an Olympic medal. He finished fourth in the 1,500 meters at the 1952 Helsinki Games.

Had Bannister won the Olympic gold in Helsinki, he probably would have retired and the first sub-4-minute mile would have been achieved by someone else. Instead, he competed for another two years and attacked the mile landmark.

Australia’s John Landy and American Wes Santee ran times of 4:02, and it was a question of who would get there first.

Bannister scheduled his attempt for May 6, 1954, during a meet between Oxford University and the Amateur Athletic Union. The weather was miserable — rainy, cool and windy. He only decided to make the attempt when he saw the English flag from a neighboring church start to flutter more gently as the race time approached.

He was paced by English runners Chris Brasher and Chris Chataway. Brasher ran the first lap in 58 seconds and the first half-mile in 1:58. Chataway moved to the front and took them through three laps in 3:01. Bannister had to run the final lap in 59 seconds and did.

The record didn’t stand for long. Six weeks later, Landy ran 3:57.9 in Turku, Finland.

Bannister settled the score with Landy in August 1954 at the Empire Games, now called the Commonwealth Games, in Vancouver in what was dubbed the “Mile of the Century” or the “Miracle Mile.” Bannister won in 3:58.8, with Landy second in 3:59.

The current record stands at 3:43.13, held by Morocco’s Hicham El Guerrouj since 1999.

Bannister had a distinguished 40-year medical career since retiring after the 1954 Empire Games. He was knighted in 1975.

He was among number of sporting celebrities carrying the Olympic flame Tuesday. At Henley-on-Thames, five-time Olympic rowing gold medalist Steve Redgrave carried the torch in his left and an oar in his right as he helped steer a boat to the Leander rowing club.

“To have my hands on the torch is pretty special,” he said.

It may not be the last time. Redgrave is the British bookmakers’ favorite to light the cauldron at the opening ceremony.

The flame stops included the Royal Ascot race course, where Italian jockey Frankie Dettori was to climb aboard the retired Monsignor to carry the torch around the parade ring.