- - Tuesday, July 24, 2012

CAIRO — President Mohammed Morsi on Tuesday designated a young, independent U.S.-educated irrigation minister as the new prime minister to form a government that will be tasked with turning the country’s economy and security around after 17 months of instability and protests.

The designation of Hesham Kandil comes nearly a month after Mr. Morsi, of the Muslim Brotherhood, was sworn in as Egypt’s first freely elected civilian president — a reflection of the difficulties he has had in putting together an administration.

The military, which took power after the ouster of Hosni Mubarak last year, still holds overriding control over much of Egypt’s politics, leaving it unclear what the new prime minister’s powers will be.

In question is whether Mr. Kandil and Mr. Morsi will be able to name the heads of key ministries overseeing foreign relations, state budgets and security forces, where there is deep resistance to the Brotherhood president. Already, the military has said the government will not be able to appoint a defense minister.


Spy chief brings diplomatic touch

RIYADH — The appointment of Saudi Arabia’s longtime envoy to the United States as intelligence chief marks an attempt to give the service a diplomatic edge at a time of turmoil in the region, analysts say.

Prince Bandar bin Sultan, who served in Washington from 1983 to 2005 and was named intelligence chief last week, has the ability “to think outside the box, overcome obstacles, make decisions and work in an innovative way,” said international relations analyst Abdullah al-Shummari.

The prince could play a key role in helping the kingdom “re-evaluate its strategies in foreign policy… [because] major geostrategic changes across the Arab world will rearrange the roles of Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Iran in the Middle East,” Mr. Shummari said.

Saudi Arabia has “an opportunity to regain its leading role” in the region after it “subsided in favor of Iran and Turkey following the September 11, 2001 attacks and the U.S. invasion of Iraq” in 2003, he said.

Abdulaziz Sager, chairman of the Gulf Research Centre, believes that “the current situation requires greater coordination, not only on a regional level but also internationally.”

The kingdom, which had traditionally focused on maintaining strong ties with Western powers, had in recent years tried to “establish good relations with Russia and exchanged visits on the highest levels,” said Sager.


Israel accused of West Bank land grab

RAMALLAH — Israeli court documents show that Israel’s defense minister wants to remove hundreds of Palestinians from eight hamlets in a West Bank area the military has designated a firing zone, prompting new allegations of an Israeli land grab.

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