Cover story: Making small kitchens seem more spacious

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If you are a fan of home-makeover shows, you may have become accustomed to homeowners taking a sledgehammer to the walls of their tiny kitchens and somehow doubling the size of the space, transforming it into a showplace of light and space.

In reality, not every homeowner has the budget or the land available to turn a galley kitchen into a chef’s dream space. Yet local designers and remodelers say there are plenty of options available to maximize the efficiency and the appeal of a smaller kitchen.

“A lot of the housing stock in our area has small, dark kitchens that are closed off from the rest of the house,” said Patricia Tetro, a principal and owner of BOWA in McLean. “Not everyone has the means or even the desire to expand their house, but there are ways to create the perception of a larger space and to steal little bits of space from nearby areas.”

In one kitchen project, for example, Ms. Tetro was able to open up an adjacent foyer entrance from a garage to add extra cabinets and a longer line of sight.

Liz St. Rain, a kitchen designer with Four Brothers LLC in the District, added light to her kitchen while hiding an unattractive view directly into a neighboring home.

“We replaced the window and covered it with decorative open shelving with a collection of hand-blown glass, so you have the light reflecting and bouncing around the room,” Ms. St. Rain said.

She wanted friends and family to be able to socialize while cooking, but she doesn’t have the space for seating in her kitchen.

“I added a 27-by-30-inch island with a 3-inch-thick butcher-block top so that several people can chop at once,” Ms. St. Rain said.

Allie Mann, a project designer at Case Design/Remodeling in Bethesda, worked with one family to expand the kitchen by removing the wall between the kitchen and the adjacent dining room. In that same project, Ms. Mann added storage by extending the cabinets to the ceiling, and she installed a space-saver microwave and built-in organizers for knives and spices.

“They wanted the two spaces to be larger and more connected, so we removed the wall and then we added built-in storage in the dining room with cabinets and granite counters that match the kitchen,” Ms. Mann said. “The glass-front cabinets reflect light and increase the sense of depth and volume in the room. We also did as much as possible to increase the natural light in the space coming in through the door and the windows.”

In one project, Ms. Tetro increased the size of the kitchen window to visually increase the space and make the connection to the green backyard.

“We reconfigured the cabinets to allow for a bigger window and yet to have enough storage,” Ms. Tetro said. “We used light marble counters and light-colored walls to visually reflect the outdoors and then used hardwood flooring that matched the adjacent rooms so that the kitchen didn’t feel so enclosed.”

Another option is to open part of a kitchen wall to create a pass-through from an enclosed kitchen.

In addition to these visual cues that can make a kitchen feel larger, homeowners can increase the efficiency of their storage and counter space.

“In a condo in the city, a moderately long space like a galley with a back wall, we added a very shallow pantry with lots of glass at the top,” Ms. St. Rain said. “The pantry became a focal point for the kitchen, and the light is very pleasing to the eye. It also added a lot of usable storage space.”

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