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Ms. Tetro said many cabinets are available with rollout or pullout shelves that effectively increase their storage capacity by making items more accessible.

“We can create pantry space with shelves on the doors and regular shelves inside, or use a 12- or 15-inch-deep space for extra storage,” Ms. Tetro said.

Spice drawers, knife drawers and adjustable shelves all can be used to increase efficiency in a small kitchen.

“It’s important to clean up the clutter on the countertops so your kitchen doesn’t look like it’s too small,” Ms. Mann said.

New designs in appliances also can add efficiency and improve the look of your kitchen.

“Dishwasher drawers and microwave drawers free up more space than traditional appliances, Ms. Tetro said. “There are even refrigerator drawers that can be built in to increase your fridge space without the need for a second refrigerator.”

Microwaves can be installed below a cabinet or on a center island. Ms. Mann suggested opting for an 18-inch-wide dishwasher over the standard 24-inch models to gain an extra 6 inches of cabinet space.

“Stainless steel appliances offer a reflective surface that bounces light around and can make your kitchen look larger,” Ms. Mann said. “You can also use appliance panel fronts that look like cabinets to trick the eye.”

Ms. St. Rain said that while some people prefer a separate cooktop and oven, a range is not only less costly but also offers a more efficient use of space.

Cabinets and counters also can be chosen with an eye toward visually improving the sense of space in a small kitchen.

“It’s important to avoid a lot of dark and heavy choices for cabinets and counters, but you also need to layer in color to maintain interest,” Ms. Tetro said. “An all-white kitchen may not wind up as interesting and won’t necessarily give the impression of something larger unless it has an interesting backsplash or other focal point. Moving from light to medium to dark colors gives the perception of more space.”

In general, Ms. Mann said, white, off-white or light maple cabinets work best in a small space, with glass inserts instead of solid doors.

Ms. St. Rain recommended avoiding using a lot of big patterns in a small space or a variety of different surfaces.

“I think the colors should just be what you like, with good task lighting, but you do need to be careful of having too many different patterns,” Ms. St. Rain said.

Hardwood flooring is the preference for many kitchen designers and works particularly well if it matches the flooring in an adjacent room because it can extend the connection between the rooms.

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