LUXEMBOURG (AP) — Finance ministers from the counties that use the embattled euro are debating on Thursday the best way to help Spain bail out its banks and whether to give Greece’s new government more time to get its deficit under control.
With fears the currency itself is now on the line, the 17 ministers gathered in Luxembourg also are trying to make progress on an array of measures to resolve the debt crisis as they prepare for a summit meeting of European leaders in Brussels on June 28 and 29. And the leaders of the four biggest eurozone economies — Germany, France, Italy and Spain — will meet Friday in Rome.
The Spanish government said Thursday evening an audit had put banks’ funding needs at 51 billion to 62 billion euros ($64.79 billion to $78.76 billion). Euro-member governments already have said they would be willing to lend Spain up to 100 billion euros ($125.68 billion) through one of its two bailout funds.
But markets and investors are anxious to hear the exact terms so they can judge the impact on Spain’s national debt. Because the Spanish government’s debt seems destined to rise as a result of the bank bailout, the government’s cost of borrowing has increased, leading some observers to think the country itself will need a bailout.
Irish Finance Minister Michael Noonan said the uncertainty is roiling markets.
“While there’s no request, and while there’s no certainty about the amount being requested, I think that makes the market jittery,” Mr. Noonan said on his way into Thursday’s meeting.
The eurozone finance ministers also are weighing Greece’s request for more time to reach its budget-balancing targets. The country’s new prime minister, Antonis Samaras, has said his coalition would respect the outlines of the country’s bailout terms, but he has added that the current targets are not realistic. European Union officials in Brussels have indicated the country needs more time, though Germany has opposed any softening in the terms, which were attached to bailout loans made to Greece.
On Thursday, the Dutch and Finnish ministers dismissed the idea of giving Greece extra time.
“I don’t think it’s a good idea,” said Finland’s Jutta Urpilainen, arriving at the meeting.
But if Greece is not granted more time and fails to meet the targets, the EU, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund will have to decide whether to withhold further funding — a move that would force the country to default on its debts again — and probably leave the eurozone, with consequences that could reverberate around the world.
During the past 2½ years of Europe’s government debt crisis, Greece, Ireland and Portugal have sought and received multibillion-euro bailouts when high borrowing costs made it impossible for them to finance their debts on the international bond markets. Now market-watchers fear Spain and Italy soon may join their ranks.
The leaders of the 17 countries that use the euro have been under global pressure to find a comprehensive solution to the debt crisis rather than continuing to take piecemeal measures that provide only temporary relief. At this week’s G-20 summit of world economic powers in Los Cabos, Mexico, politicians including President Obama called on Europe to do what was necessary.
One more possible solution emerged late Tuesday night, as leaders talked privately at the G-20 summit. Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti urged looking at using Europe’s emergency bailout funds — the European Financial Stability Facility and the European Stability Mechanism — to buy government bonds on the open market to drive the interest the markets are demanding.