WASHINGTON — Slumping job growth has alarmed some economists who fear the U.S. economy is in trouble.
Ben Bernanke doesn’t appear to be one of them.
Bernanke acknowledged that Europe’s debt crisis poses risks to the U.S. financial markets. He also noted that U.S. unemployment remains high at 8.2 percent. And he said the Fed is prepared to take steps to boost the U.S. economy if it weakens.
He said he’s mindful that all that could change, if Europe’s crisis quickly worsened or U.S. job growth stalled.
“As always, the Federal Reserve remains prepared to take action as needed to protect the U.S. financial system and economy in the event that financial stresses escalate,” he told the Joint Economic Committee.
The Fed could buy more bonds to try to further reduce long-term interest rates, which might encourage more borrowing and spending. Or it could extend its plan to keep short-term rates near zero beyond late 2014 until an even later date.
For one thing, long-term U.S. interest rates have already touched record lows. Even if rates dropped further, analysts say they might provide little benefit for the economy. They say it’s unlikely that many businesses and consumers who aren’t borrowing now at super-low rates would do so if rates declined a bit more.
And Bernanke could face pressure not to pursue further stimulus before the November election because such steps could be perceived as helping President Barack Obama win re-election.
“The Fed stimulative effects have really run their course,” Obama’s Republican opponent, Mitt Romney, argued in a television interview last week.
Many analysts are worried that the U.S. economy is suffering a midyear slump just as in 2010 and 2011. They’re concerned in particular about the job market. From December through February, the economy added an average 252,000 jobs a month. But since then, job growth has slowed to a lackluster 96,000 a month. In May, U.S. employers added just 69,000 jobs — the fewest in a year.