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The liberals at NetRoots largely agree with the president’s assessment. But several Democrats interviewed said Obama should be fighting harder for liberal priorities such as tax increases on the wealthy and another stimulus package. The president’s latest jobs plan has been stalled in Congress for several months.

“This is about the president and Congress. There is a Republican Congress that has no interest in ensuring that the lives of black folks are improved in this country,” said Rashad Robinson, executive director of the Color of Change, a liberal group that promotes black political influence. “We still have a job crisis in the black community.”

Jeff Santos, a Massachusetts-based liberal talk-radio host, said that the 2009 stimulus package “wasn’t big enough.”

In Mr. Romney’s case, some conservatives crave more specifics of his cure for a wobbly economy.

Jenny Beth Martin, co-founder and national coordinator of the Tea Party Patriots, wants Mr. Romney to be bold and upfront about how he’ll attack the nation’s debt and budget problems. And she says Mr. Romney shouldn’t assume he’ll be heir to the tea party energy that propelled Republicans in the 2010 elections.

During the primary season, Mr. Romney’s Republican rivals frequently questioned his resolve to dismantle a national health care law that had similarities to one he enacted as Massachusetts governor. Sensitive to such criticism, Mr. Romney often stresses plans to enact an executive order to allow states to opt out of the Obama health law.

News survey specialist Dennis Junius in Washington contributed to this report.