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The so-called “King’s Dominion” law is named after the theme park outside of Richmond, because efforts to repeal it are consistently opposed by the state’s tourism and hospitality industry, which heavily relies on student labor during the summer. The industry argues the repeal could have a negative impact on tourism.

The bill’s patron, Delegate Robert Tata, Virginia Beach Republican, noted that 77 out of 132 of the state’s school divisions already have waivers that allow them to start school before Labor Day.

“We’re the only state on the East Coast that opens school after Labor Day,” Mr. Tata said afterward. “It’s been proven that it doesn’t affect tourism at all. What you lose at the end, you pick up at the beginning, and vice versa.”

But with Senate Majority Leader Thomas K. Norment Jr., James City Republican, lurking in the background of the room, the committee voted to kill the measure for a second time, having already dispatched the Senate version on the same 9-6 vote.