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Then he vowed to be a “good student” and answer the accusations point by point. They included allegations that he had mismanaged the economy and questions about his high-profile political temper tantrum in April, when he stayed away from Cabinet meetings for 11 days after Ayatollah Ali Khamenei ordered the reinstatement of the intelligence minister whom Mr. Ahmadinejad had dismissed.

The current parliament is evenly split between Mr. Ahmadinejad’s critics and backers, but the new chamber — which will be seated in May — is firmly in control of his opponents. Only a handful of seats are held by reformers, marginalized since mass street demonstrations failed to overturn the disputed 2009 election in which Mr. Ahmadinejad was re-elected.

This article is based in part on wire service reports.