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German court orders Nazi-seized art returned
Question of the Day
BERLIN (AP) - Germany’s top federal appeals court ruled Friday that a Berlin museum must return to a Jewish man from the U.S. thousands of rare posters that were seized from his father by the Gestapo, saying that for the institution to keep them would be perpetuating the crimes of the Nazis.
The Federal Court of Justice in Karlsruhe said Peter Sachs, 74, was the rightful owner of the posters, now believed to be worth between euro4.5 million and euro16 million ($6 million and $21 million), and can demand their return from the German Historical Museum.
The ruling brings to an end some seven years of legal battles to have the vast collection of posters that date back to the late 19th century returned.
“I can’t describe what this means to me on a personal level,” Peter Sachs, the son of collector Hans Sachs, told The Associated Press in an e-mailed statement after the ruling. “It feels like vindication for my father, a final recognition of the life he lost and never got back.”
The case ended up with Karlsruhe court because of the posters’ unique and tumultuous journey through more than 70 years of German history, in which they were stolen from Sachs by the Nazis’ Gestapo, moved on to the possession of communist East Germany, then to the Berlin museum after reunification.
The court acknowledged that Peter Sachs did not file for restitution of the posters by the official deadline for such claims, and that the postwar restitution regulations instituted by the Western Allies could not be specifically applied in his case. But the judges ruled that the spirit of the laws was clearly on Sachs‘ side.
Not to return the posters “would perpetuate Nazi injustice,” the judges wrote. “This cannot be reconciled with the purpose of the Allied restitution provisions, which were to protect the rights of the victims.”
“The Federal Court of Justice has decided, we have a clear ruling, the German Historical Museum must return the Sachs posters,” he said.
A total of 4,259 posters have been so-far identified as having belonged to Sachs‘ father. They were among a collection of 12,500 that his father owned, which include advertisements for exhibitions, cabarets, movies and consumer products, as well as political propaganda _ all rare, with only small original print runs. It is not clear what happened to the remainder.
The German Historical Museum rarely had more than a handful of the posters on display at any given time, though it had said the collection was an invaluable resource for researchers.
The posters were seized from Hans Sachs‘ home in 1938 on the orders of Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels, who wanted them for a museum of his own.
Born in 1881, Hans Sachs was a dentist who began collecting posters while in high school. By 1905, he was Germany’s leading private poster collector and later launched the art publication Das Plakat, or The Poster.
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