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House Majority Leader Kumar P. Barve said taking funding from important programs would hurt many residents and that the state should be there for them in hard times.

“When good times return, we will be able to restore so many reductions, level fundings and outright cuts,” said Mr. Barve, Montgomery Democrat. “But for right now, I’m sorry.”

The House plan would raise $191 million in income taxes by hiking tax rates and lowering the value of personal exemptions for high earners, but it dials back on more than $400 million in income-tax increases approved by the Senate.

Representatives from both chambers could meet next week in a conference committee to resolve differences in the plans.

Senate Budget and Taxation Committee Chairman Edward J. Kasemeyer said he doesn’t expect too much trouble in negotiation, as both plans have similar approaches to balancing the budget.

He added that the larger hikes in the Senate plan would result in a greater fund balance for the state.

“At least their increases are in the income-tax area, so that’s a good thing,” said Mr. Kasemeyer, Baltimore County Democrat. “I don’t think we’re that terribly far apart, really.”