ABOARD THE PAPAL PLANE (AP) — Pope Benedict XVI denounced the drug-fueled violence wracking Mexico and urged Cubans to discuss new models for replacing Marxism as he began a pilgrimage Friday that will take him to both countries.
Benedict spoke to reporters aboard a special Alitalia flight carrying him to central Mexico, where thousands of people gathered along his route to welcome him later in the day. The pope said “idolatry of money” lies behind the violence that has claimed more than 47,000 lives in Mexico since a government crackdown began in 2006.
On Monday, Benedict will head for Cuba, where he said that it is “evident that Marxist ideology as it was conceived no longer responds to reality,” and he urged Cubans to “find new models, with patience, and in a constructive way.”
The comment about Marxism, in response to questions from a journalist, was as blunt as anything his predecessor, John Paul II, made during his groundbreaking 1998 trip to Cuba, though the earlier pope is widely credited with helping bring down socialism in eastern Europe.
Benedict cautioned that “this process requires patience and also decisiveness.”
The journalist referred to reports that dissidents in Cuba are still routinely harassed and arrested, including in the weeks leading up to Benedict’s visit.
Benedict said that the church wants “to help in the spirit of dialogue to avoid trauma and to help bring about a just and fraternal society, as we want in the whole world.”
“We want to collaborate in this sense, and it’s obvious that the church is always on the side of freedom, freedom of conscience, freedom of religion,” the pope said.
During that trip, John Paul made a clear if cautious call for then-President Fidel Castro to open up Cuban society, take steady if gradual steps toward democracy and give the church a greater voice. He also called for the release of political prisoners while giving Castro what he wanted, a condemnation of the U.S. embargo.
Asked about Benedict’s statement, Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez said the government respects all opinions. “We consider the exchange of ideas to be useful. Our people have deep convictions developed over the course of our history,” he said, adding that the Cuban system “is a democratic social project … which is constantly perfecting itself.”
Talking about Mexico, Benedict said that violence, and the lust for money, were destroying that predominantly Catholic country’s young people in particular.
Benedict said that the “great responsibility of the church is to educate the conscience, teach moral responsibility and strip off the mask (from) the idolatry of money that enslaves mankind, and unmask the false promise, this lie that is behind” the drug culture.
The weeklong trip to Mexico and Cuba, Benedict’s first to both countries, will be a test of stamina for the pope, who turns 85 next month. At the airport on Friday in Rome, the pope used a cane, apparently for the first time in public, as he walked about 100 yards (meters) to the airliner’s steps.
Papal aides, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Benedict has been using the cane in private for about two months because it makes him feel more secure, not for any medical reason. Last fall, Benedict started using a wheeled platform to navigate the vast spaces of St. Peter’s Basilica during ceremonies. The Vatican has said that device was employed to help the pope save his energy.