- Associated Press - Saturday, March 24, 2012

PARIS (AP) — Authorities investigating France’s deadly shooting rampage have released the mother of the Islamist fanatic blamed for the killings but were questioning his older brother to determine whether he served as an accomplice, officials said Saturday.

Police are trying to determine whether 23-year-old Mohamed Merah had any help in carrying out the execution-style murders of seven people that have shocked France and refocused attention on the threat of radical Muslim terrorists. Police say there is evidence to suggest that his brother worked as an assistant.

Merah’s brother, Abdelkader, was flown to Paris for further questioning Saturday, along with his girlfriend, but a lawyer for Merah’s mother, 55-year-old Zoulhika Aziri, said she had been released without charge. Jean-Yves Gougnaud told reporters in the southern French city of Toulouse that Aziri’s world had been “turned upside down.”

“She is devastated,” he told reporters after her release. “At no time could she have imagined that her son was the one who did it.”


Aziri was freed late Friday from a police station in Toulouse, a judicial official said on condition of anonymity because the information wasn’t cleared for public release.

Mohamed Merah, who claimed allegiance to al Qaeda, died in a hail of gunfire Thursday after a dramatic 32-hour standoff with police at his apartment in Toulouse. At one point, police brought his mother to the scene, but she refused to urge her son to surrender, officials said.

Merah had filmed himself carrying out attacks in southern France that began March 11 and killed three Jewish schoolchildren, a rabbi and three French paratroopers with close-range shots to the head, prosecutors say. Another Jewish student and a paratrooper were wounded, and five police officers were injured trying to dislodge Merah from the apartment.

The killings stunned France and upended the campaign for presidential elections starting next month. President Nicolas Sarkozy held an emergency meeting with his prime minister and top security and intelligence officials Saturday.

Key questions include how Merah, described by French intelligence boss Ange Mancini as “a little failure from the suburbs,” was able to amass an arsenal of weapons — including an Uzi sub-machinegun — and rent a car, despite having no clear source of income.

Mancini told French broadcaster BFM-TV that Merah told police during the siege that he bought the weapons for about €20,000 ($26,000), using money he acquired through break-ins and holdups.

Mancini said he believed that Merah was telling the truth about that, but suggested that forensic police would be examining the guns for clues as to where Merah got them.

“The weapons, too, will talk,” Mancini said.

Gun violence is far rarer in France than in the United States, where laws are less restrictive. French civilians are banned from owning automatic weapons or handguns, with few exceptions, and licensing is strictly controlled.

That said, hunting is very popular in France and the country has one the Western world’s highest levels of private gun ownership, coming in at No. 12 worldwide, according to the University of Sydney’s GunPolicy.org website.

The group rates the level of French weapons smuggling as “moderate” and cites a report carried by Le Figaro newspaper in late 2011, which noted that a Kalashnikov rifle can sell for between €2,000 and €3,000 ($2,655-$3,980) on the black market.

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