CHICAGO — President Barack Obama and NATO leaders expressed confidence in Afghanistan’s ability to take the lead for its own security next year, as nations with a stake in the deeply unpopular war huddled Monday for talks aimed at paving the way for its end.
The alliance leaders, meeting in Obama’s hometown, solidified plans for an “irreversible transition” in which Afghan security forces take control next summer with NATO sliding into a support role and ultimately withdrawing by the end of 2014.
“This will be another step toward Afghans taking full lead for their security as agreed to by 2014 when the ISAF mission will end,” Obama said as he opened a meeting of NATO leaders and partner countries who have participated in the war.
NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said Afghans were already leading security operations in half the country and were on pace to meet next year’s targets.
“Transition means the people of Afghanistan increasingly see their own army and police in their towns and villages providing their security,” Rasmussen said. “This is an important sign of progress towards our shared goal: an Afghanistan governed and secured by Afghans for Afghans.”
Zardari’s presence has cast a shadow over the summit. The U.S. and Pakistan remain at odds over Pakistan’s closure of key routes used to send supplies to NATO troops in Afghanistan. Pakistan closed the supply lines in November following a U.S. airstrike that killed two dozen Pakistani soldiers. While both sides have indicated the issue will be resolved, no deal is expected to be reached during the NATO meetings.
Obama thanked other nations in Central Asia and Russia for their role in providing “critical transit” for supplies, but pointedly made no mention of Pakistan.
As NATO leaders herald the Afghan war’s end, they face the grim reality of two more years of fighting ahead and more of their troops sure to die in combat.
Some NATO countries, most recently France, have also sought to end their combat commitments early. The Taliban and its allies have warned that they are waiting to fill the void in Afghanistan after NATO leaves.
But he acknowledged enormous progress must be made for that vision to become a reality.