Continued from page 1

The rankings also reflect the growing global competition in higher education, according to Mr. Balan. Schools around the world are now competing for the smartest students and best faculty while seeking to cultivate their reputations as hubs of scientific and technological breakthroughs.

As economies in South Korea, Hong Kong and elsewhere grow, Mr. Balan said, the top professors and researchers likely will follow.

“The brains and markets are now moving to East Asia,” he said.