NEW DELHI — Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton urged energy-starved India on Monday to reduce its Iranian oil imports to keep up pressure on the Islamic republic to come clean about its nuclear program.
In meetings in the capital, New Delhi, Mrs. Clinton was expected to push for India to find alternative sources of oil on the international market.
Earlier Monday, she told a town-hall meeting in the eastern city of Kolkata that there's an adequate supply in the market for India to find other suppliers.
Mrs. Clinton noted that India has taken some steps to reduce its imports from Iran, but she said the U.S. wants to see more.
"If there weren't an adequate supply ... we would understand, but we believe that there is adequate supply," she said.
India could face U.S. sanctions by the end of June if the Obama administration determines it has not made significant cuts in imports under a law aimed at squeezing Iran's petroleum industry to press the country to prove that its nuclear program is peaceful.
India, with a growth rate of about 7 percent, has a nearly insatiable need for oil. About 9 percent of its oil imports are from Iran, though officials say it has reduced its dependency on Iranian oil in recent months.
"We appreciate what has been done and, of course, we want to keep the pressure on Iran," Mrs. Clinton said.
However, India remains dependent on the imports, and Iran is its second-largest oil supplier after Saudi Arabia.
With international sanctions making it difficult to find banks willing to handle Iranian oil payments, India and Iran reached an agreement this year that would allow India to pay for about 45 percent the purchases in rupees. Iran then would use the Indian currency to buy goods from India.
Mrs. Clinton said the U.S. remains focused on putting global pressure on Iran.
"We believe, at this moment in time, the principle threat is a nuclear-armed Iran," she said. "We need India to be part of the international effort."
When asked whether India could get a waiver from the sanctions on Iran, Mrs. Clinton said it was too early to discuss that.
Mrs. Clinton also met Monday with West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, a key partner of India's ruling coalition who has stymied government efforts to lift restrictions on foreign-owned investments in the country.
Mrs. Clinton had a long conversation with Ms. Banerjee about allowing multibrand retailers, such as Wal-Mart, enter the market, U.S. officials said after the meeting.
Last year, India's Cabinet had to rescind a decision to open its market to major foreign retailers after Ms. Banerjee balked at the move, saying it would crush small domestic retailers.