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In a march led by President Bronislaw Komorowski, thousands of people walked peacefully.

During last year’s observances, many police officers were injured, and there was damage in the streets when right-wing marchers clashed with opponents and police.


Gunman’s brother blames parents in new book

PARIS — The radicalization of the French gunman who killed seven people on an eight-day shooting spree this spring began at home, his brother recounts in a new book and documentary, according to media reports.

Mohamed Merah killed three Jewish children, a rabbi and three paratroopers in and around the southern city of Toulouse in March before dying in a standoff with police.

Merah claimed links to al Qaeda and said he had received training at an Islamist paramilitary camp in Pakistan.

One of his brothers, Abdelkader, also faces preliminary charges in the case and is in police custody.

The attacks raised painful questions about whether France is failing to integrate the children of Muslim immigrants, like the Merahs, who are of Algerian origin. Many blamed the poverty of the neighborhoods many immigrants and their children live in for driving them to radical Islam.

But a new book by another of Merah brother, Abdelghani, says his parents, particularly his mother, are responsible for Mohamed’s radicalization.

According to excerpts published in Le Figaro and other newspapers, Abdelghani Merah made a silent vow on the day of Mohamed’s funeral to tell the world how they were raised on anti-Semitism.

“I will explain how my parents raised you in an atmosphere of racism and hate before the Salafis could douse you in religious extremism,” he writes in “My Brother, That Terrorist,” due out Wednesday.

Salafis are ultraconservative Muslims.

The Merahs’ mother was at one point held for questioning but has since been released. Their father left the family for Algeria when the children were young, but has since sued the French state for Mohamed’s death.

From wire dispatches and staff reports