AG Holder: Probe of BP spill to continue

  • In this June 5, 2010, file photo Plaquemines Parish coastal zone director P.J. Hahn lifts his boot out of thick beached oil at Queen Bess Island in Barataria Bay, just off the Gulf of Mexico in Plaquemines Parish, La. Cleaning the oil far beyond the time the leak is capped will become the job of the U.S. Coast Guard and BP. The Houma Incident Command and Control Center in Houma, La. coordinates the different teams cleaning water from the land and sea. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert, File)In this June 5, 2010, file photo Plaquemines Parish coastal zone director P.J. Hahn lifts his boot out of thick beached oil at Queen Bess Island in Barataria Bay, just off the Gulf of Mexico in Plaquemines Parish, La. Cleaning the oil far beyond the time the leak is capped will become the job of the U.S. Coast Guard and BP. The Houma Incident Command and Control Center in Houma, La. coordinates the different teams cleaning water from the land and sea. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert, File)
  • Fireboat response crews battle the blazing remnants of the offshore Deepwater Horizon on April 21, 2010. (AP Photo/U.S. Coast Guard)Fireboat response crews battle the blazing remnants of the offshore Deepwater Horizon on April 21, 2010. (AP Photo/U.S. Coast Guard)
  • In this image taken from video provided by BP PLC, oil leaks from the fractured wellhead at the site of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, Sunday, July 11, 2010. (AP Photo/BP PLC) In this image taken from video provided by BP PLC, oil leaks from the fractured wellhead at the site of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, Sunday, July 11, 2010. (AP Photo/BP PLC)
  • In this Sept. 4, 2010 file photo, the Deepwater Horizon blowout preventer is lifted out of the Gulf of Mexico by the Helix Q4000 near the coast of Louisiana. Before the key piece of evidence has even been analyzed, oil giant BP PLC on Wednesday, Sept. 8, 2010, planned to release the conclusions of its internal investigation into the rig explosion that killed 11 workers and led to the massive Gulf of Mexico spill. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky, File)In this Sept. 4, 2010 file photo, the Deepwater Horizon blowout preventer is lifted out of the Gulf of Mexico by the Helix Q4000 near the coast of Louisiana. Before the key piece of evidence has even been analyzed, oil giant BP PLC on Wednesday, Sept. 8, 2010, planned to release the conclusions of its internal investigation into the rig explosion that killed 11 workers and led to the massive Gulf of Mexico spill. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky, File)
  • ** FILE ** Oil from the BP Deepwater Horizon spill floats on the water with clouds reflected in the sheen on Barataria Bay off the coast of Louisiana, June 10, 2010. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)** FILE ** Oil from the BP Deepwater Horizon spill floats on the water with clouds reflected in the sheen on Barataria Bay off the coast of Louisiana, June 10, 2010. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)
  • In this file photo made June 3, 2010, a brown pelican covered in oil sits on the beach at East Grand Terre Island along the Louisiana coast in the wake of the BP Deepwater Horizon rig explosion. Retired Coast Guard Adm. Thad Allen, the federal government's point man on the disaster, said Sunday, Sept. 19, 2010, BP's well "is effectively dead."  A permanent cement plug sealed BP's well nearly 2.5 miles below the sea floor in the Gulf of Mexico, five agonizing months after an explosion sank a drilling rig and led to the worst offshore oil spill in U.S. history. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel, File)In this file photo made June 3, 2010, a brown pelican covered in oil sits on the beach at East Grand Terre Island along the Louisiana coast in the wake of the BP Deepwater Horizon rig explosion. Retired Coast Guard Adm. Thad Allen, the federal government's point man on the disaster, said Sunday, Sept. 19, 2010, BP's well "is effectively dead." A permanent cement plug sealed BP's well nearly 2.5 miles below the sea floor in the Gulf of Mexico, five agonizing months after an explosion sank a drilling rig and led to the worst offshore oil spill in U.S. history. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel, File)
  • ** FILE ** Plaquemines Parish Coastal Zone Director P.J. Hahn rescues a heavily oiled bird from the waters of Barataria Bay, which are laden with oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, in Barataria Bay, La., on June 26, 2010. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)** FILE ** Plaquemines Parish Coastal Zone Director P.J. Hahn rescues a heavily oiled bird from the waters of Barataria Bay, which are laden with oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, in Barataria Bay, La., on June 26, 2010. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)
  • This Sunday, June 6, 2010 file picture shows a small oil-covered fish on the water's surface at Bay Long off the coast of Louisiana. An April 20, 2010 explosion at the BP Deepwater Horizon offshore platform killed 11 men, and the subsequent leak released an estimated 172 million gallons of petroleum into the Gulf of Mexico. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)This Sunday, June 6, 2010 file picture shows a small oil-covered fish on the water's surface at Bay Long off the coast of Louisiana. An April 20, 2010 explosion at the BP Deepwater Horizon offshore platform killed 11 men, and the subsequent leak released an estimated 172 million gallons of petroleum into the Gulf of Mexico. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)
  • BP PLC CEO Tony Hayward asks members of the media to step back as he walks along Fourchon Beach in Port Fourchon, La., Monday, May 24, 2010. Hayward visited the beach to observe efforts to clean oil that washed ashore from last month's Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion in the Gulf of Mexico.  (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)BP PLC CEO Tony Hayward asks members of the media to step back as he walks along Fourchon Beach in Port Fourchon, La., Monday, May 24, 2010. Hayward visited the beach to observe efforts to clean oil that washed ashore from last month's Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion in the Gulf of Mexico. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
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NEW ORLEANS (AP) — Two men who worked for BP during the 2010 Gulf oil spill disaster have been charged with manslaughter and a third with lying to federal investigators, according to indictments made public Thursday, hours after BP announced it was paying $4.5 billion in a settlement with the U.S. government over the disaster.

A federal indictment unsealed in New Orleans claims BP well site leaders Robert Kaluza and Donald Vidrine acted negligently in their supervision of key safety tests performed on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig before the explosion killed 11 workers in April 2010. The indictment says Kaluza and Vidrine failed to phone engineers onshore to alert them of problems in the drilling operation.

Another indictment charges David Rainey, who was BP’s vice president of exploration for the Gulf of Mexico, on counts of obstruction of Congress and false statements. The indictment claims the former executive lied to federal investigators when they asked him how he calculated a flow rate estimate for BP’s blown-out well in the days after the disaster.

Earlier in the day, BP PLC said it would plead guilty to criminal charges related to the deaths of 11 workers and lying to Congress.

“This marks the largest single criminal fine and the largest total criminal resolution in the history of the United States,” U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder said at a news conference in New Orleans.

Holder said the settlement and indictments aren’t the end of federal authorities’ efforts and that the criminal investigation is continuing. Holder says much of the money BP has agreed to pay will be used to restore the environment in the Gulf.

The day of reckoning comes more than two years after the nation’s worst offshore oil spill. The settlement includes nearly $1.3 billion in criminal fines — the biggest criminal penalty in U.S. history — along with payments to certain government entities.

“We believe this resolution is in the best interest of BP and its shareholders,” said Carl-Henric Svanberg, BP chairman. “It removes two significant legal risks and allows us to vigorously defend the company against the remaining civil claims.”

The settlement, which is subject to approval by a federal judge, includes payments of nearly $2.4 billion to the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, $350 million to the National Academy of Sciences and about $500 million to the Securities and Exchange Commission. The SEC accused BP of misleading investors by lowballing the amount of crude spewing from the ruptured well.

London-based BP said in a statement that the settlement would not cover any civil penalties the U.S. government might seek under the Clean Water Act and other laws. Nor does it cover billions of dollars in claims brought by states, businesses and individuals, including fishermen, restaurants and property owners.

Holder also said a civil lawsuit will go ahead in February seeking billions more in civil penalties.

A federal judge in New Orleans is weighing a separate, proposed $7.8 billion settlement between BP and more than 100,000 businesses and individuals who say they were harmed by the spill.

BP will plead guilty to 11 felony counts of misconduct or neglect of a ship’s officers, one felony count of obstruction of Congress and one misdemeanor count each under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and the Clean Water Act. The workers’ deaths were prosecuted under a provision of the Seaman’s Manslaughter Act. The obstruction charge is for lying to Congress about how much oil was spilling.

The penalty will be paid over five years. BP made a profit of $5.5 billion in the most recent quarter. The largest previous corporate criminal penalty assessed by the U.S. Justice Department was a $1.2 billion fine imposed on drug maker Pfizer in 2009.

Before Thursday, the only person charged in the disaster was a former BP engineer who was arrested in April on obstruction of justice charges. He was accused of deleting text messages about the company’s response to the spill.

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