Anatoly Serdyukov, the defense chief, was widely unpopular in the ranks because of his reforms that radically cut the number of military officers and army units, but Mr. Putin staunchly backed him in the past and his dismissal came as a surprise. Some observers say that Mr. Serdyukov’s successor may take a less radical approach to the military reform.
Mr. Putin‘s comments appeared to connect the decision to a probe announced by the country’s top investigative agency last month into the sale of military assets, including real estate, at prices far below market value.
The Investigative Committee says the state suffered damages of 3 billion rubles ($95 million) in just a few cases reviewed.
Mr. Putin did not give specifics in his televised remarks but said he made the decision “in order to create the necessary conditions for the objective investigation of all issues” regarding the situation in the Defense Ministry.
Russia’s military establishment has been haunted by corruption accusations for years, and several top military officials have been convicted of embezzlement.
The case announced in October involves Oboronservice, a state-controlled company, the activities of which include servicing military aircraft and arms and constructing military facilities.
Investigators have searched Oboronservice’s offices and the apartment of Yevgeniya Vasilyeva, a senior company official who formerly headed the Defense Ministry’s property department and was a close aide of Mr. Serdyukov‘s.
Investigative Committee spokesman Vladimir Markin said Tuesday that Mr. Serdyukov would be questioned in the probe “if there is a reason” for doing so.
Mr. Serdyukov, a former furniture salesman, entered public service as a tax official and quickly rose through the ranks to become head of the Russian tax service before being appointed defense minister in 2007. Russian media have speculated that he owed his quick career to marrying a daughter of Viktor Zubkov, a close associate of Mr. Putin‘s who was prime minister in 2007-8 and now serves as chairman of the state-controlled gas monopoly, Gazprom.
Some Russian media reports linked Mr. Serdyukov’s ouster to his connections with Ms. Vasilyeva, which reportedly angered his father-in-law. But most observers agreed that while a family conflict could have triggered his firing, the real reason behind it could be a clash of interests over a costly military modernization program.
Mr. Serdyukov was widely hated by many in the military for his reforms, which dismissed as many as 200,000 officers, disbanded many units and turned plenty of military assets over to civilian hands. Over the past few years, he also has been locked in conflicts with defense industries over purchasing new weapons, pushing them to lower prices.
Speculation about his dismissal floated around for years, but he had received Mr. Putin‘s staunch backing until now. Mr. Putin authorized and publicly praised Mr. Serdyukov’s reforms, and it was not immediately clear if his legacy will now be reviewed.
The appointment of Mr. Shoigu, who served as the nation’s emergency situations minister for two decades before being appointed the regional governor a half-year ago, likely will be welcomed by many in the military.