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Georgian president concedes defeat in parliamentary elections
TBILISI, Georgia — Western-oriented President Mikheil Saakashvili on Tuesday conceded defeat in parliamentary elections, acknowledging the victory of a coalition led by an eccentric billionaire he has accused of being a Russian puppet.
Georgia’s richest man, Bidzina Ivanishvili, 56, is on course to becoming the country’s next prime minister, after exit polls and preliminary results from Monday’s voting handed the election to Mr. Ivanishvili’s Georgian Dream coalition and a resounding defeat to the ruling United National Movement.
Mr. Saakashvili had countered that the opposition would return the former Soviet republic to Moscow’s orbit and set the country back to the dark days of the 1990s, when war and rampant lawlessness followed the country’s independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Mr. Saakashvili’s political scare tactics failed to sway voters, said Iago Kachkachishvili, a professor of sociology at Tbilisi State University, who conducted opinion surveys during the campaign.
“It was a constant accusation against Ivanishvili and other political leaders that they are agents of Russia, that they are agents of Putin,” he said, referring to Russian President Vladimir Putin. “This whole ideological construction has failed.”
“For the first time in the history of new Georgia, people have elected who they want, and it hasn’t been somehow manipulated — so finally it’s happened,” said Otar Lordkipanidze, 32, who was among thousands of revelers in Tbilisi’s Freedom Square on Monday night.
The election marks the first time since independence that power has transferred peaceably in Georgia.
Mr. Saakashvili, a U.S.-trained lawyer, rode a populist wave of support to power following discredited parliamentary elections in 2003.
Mr. Saakashvili’s nonviolent Rose Revolution secured him as a staunch Western ally who moved to modernize his country and adopt a foreign policy aimed at closer relations with NATO and the European Union.
“We would certainly like to have [a] strategic partner, including the United States, but we also want good relations with neighbors. Neighborhood policy is our priority,” Mr. Ivanishvili said at a press conference.
“We are definitely looking forward for a fresh, new nonhostile, sober leadership in Georgia,” said Mr. Putin’s spokesman, Dmitry Peskov.
In Washington, White House spokesman Jay Carney called the election “another milestone in Georgia’s democratic development.”
Mr. Ivanishvili’s Georgian Dream party is described as fragile and easily could fracture. His hold on power is also threatened by Georgia’s complicated politics.
However, Mr. Saakashvili will retain his presidency until the end of his term in October 2013. The newly elected parliament is expected to nominate Mr. Ivanishvili as prime minister, but Mr. Saakashvili has to approve the nomination.
As he conceded defeat Tuesday, Mr. Saakashvili promised to remain a political force.
“We will struggle for the future of our country. We will struggle for everything that has been created in recent years in terms of a struggle against corruption, crime [and] in terms of Georgia’s modernization,” he said.
Few outside of Georgia had heard of Mr. Ivanishvili until he announced his entry into politics last fall. With an estimated fortune of $6.4 billion, Mr. Ivanishvili is Georgia’s richest man. The tycoon, who was raised on a farm, made his fortune in computers, banking and other investments in post-Soviet Russia.
Since returning from Russia eight years ago, he personally has invested in Georgia’s infrastructure and financed many of Mr. Saakashvili’s reforms, paying the salaries of civil servants and police to help stamp out corruption.
Mr. Ivanishvili lives in a $50 million steel-and-glass mansion that overlooks Tbilisi, and he is known as an avid collector of art and rare animals.
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