Continued from page 2

The United States has already expanded its Mali-related intelligence effort with satellite and spy flights over the north to track and map the rebels, U.S. officials have said.

The CIA is believed to use armed drones in places such as Pakistan and Yemen. The top-secret program is especially controversial in Pakistan, where residents view it as an affront to their sovereignty and contend that the drones frequently kill civilians, not just militants. France’s military is not believed to have any armed drones.

Rukmini Callimachi in Dakar, Senegal, and Geir Moulson in Berlin contributed to this report.