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Also expected to win seats in parliament is the Communist Party, which will side with Mr. Yanukovych’s supporters. Another party that could pass the 5 percent threshold needed for seats is the nationalist Svoboda (Freedom), a staunch government critic infamous for xenophobic and anti-Semitic statements.

The election tainted by Mrs. Tymoshenko’s jailing on charges of abuse of office has also been compromised by the creation of fake opposition parties, campaigns by politically unskilled celebrities, and the use of state resources and greater access to television by Mr. Yanukvoych’s party.

At one polling station in Kiev, voters complained that a clone politician with the same last name as Fatherland’s candidate was intended to split the opposition vote.

“This doesn’t look good,” said Yevhen Yefimov, 43, a Kiev computer specialist, who was nearly fooled into voting for the fake politician rather than a Tymoshenko candidate. “They are trying to trick people into making a mistake … to steal Fatherland votes.”

Yuras Karmanau contributed to this report.