Continued from page 1

Jesse Rosen, president and chief executive officer of the League of American Orchestras, which doesn’t take sides in labor-management disputes, said orchestras are struggling with the economy like many other businesses that depend on discretionary spending.

“These are big cultural trends that are affecting the movie business, and professional sports, and the way our culture operates now,” he said. “So it’s not surprising that we’re likely to see a period of visible experimentation in American orchestras and the way they operate.”