American companies should avoid doing business with China’s two leading technology firms because they pose a national security threat to the U.S., the House Select Committee on Intelligence is warning in a report to be issued Monday.
The panel says U.S. regulators should block mergers and acquisitions in this country by Huawei Technologies Ltd. and ZTE Corp, among the world’s leading suppliers of telecommunications gear and mobile phones.
Reflecting U.S. concern over cyberattacks traced to China, the report also recommends that U.S. government computer systems not include any components from the two firms because that could pose an espionage risk.
“China has the means, opportunity, and motive to use telecommunications companies for malicious purposes,” the report says.
The recommendations are the result of a yearlong probe, including a congressional hearing last month in which senior Chinese executives of both companies testified, and denied posing a security threat.
A U.S. executive of one of the companies said the firm cooperated with investigators, and defended its business record. Huawei is a “globally trusted and respected company,” said William Plummer, vice president for external affairs.
The bipartisan report is likely to become fodder for a presidential campaign in which the candidates have been competing in their readiness to clamp down on Chinese trade violations. Republican Mitt Romney, in particular, has made it a key point to get tougher on China by designating it a currency manipulator and fighting abuses such as intellectual property theft.
The panel’s recommendations will likely hamper Huawei and ZTE’s ambitions to expand their business in America. Their products are used in scores of countries, including in the West. Both deny being influenced by China’s communist government.
“The investigation concludes that the risks associated with Huawei’s and ZTE’s provision of equipment to U.S. critical infrastructure could undermine core U.S. national-security interests,” the report says.
It says that the committee will refer the accusations to the U.S. government for further review and possible investigation. The report mentions immigration violations, bribery and corruption, and of a “pattern and practice” of Huawei using pirated software in its U.S. facilities.
Huawei is a private company founded by a former Chinese military engineer, and has grown rapidly to become the world’s second-largest supplier of telecommunications network gear, operating in more than 140 countries.
ZTE Corp is the world’s fourth-largest mobile phone manufacturer, with 90,000 employees worldwide. While its business in selling mobile devices has grown in the U.S., espionage fears have limited the companies from moving into network infrastructure.