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Egypt’s authorities have “perceived tribal loyalties as a threat to national ones,” the London-based Chatham House said in a September report on Sinai, titled “Sinai: The Buffer Erodes.”

It urged the government to negotiate a compact with Bedouins by providing for a more equitable distribution of power and resources, including legislation to allow the Bedouin registration rights to the land and compensation to those who have been violated by security.

Mr. Abu-Qardud said that recruiting locals will help put an end to Islamic militant networks in northern Sinai and cross-border smuggling by offering local youths a chance to work with the government.

“We see this as a right of the people of the Sinai,” he said. “When a kid is out of school and can’t find work, he turns to crime to feed himself.”