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By Saturday afternoon, the Rafallah Sahati Brigade headquarters was being guarded by members of another “legitimate” militia from the western city of Zawiya.

Activists and protesters, however, say the militias must disband and their fighters individually be integrated into the army and security forces.

Protesters said in a statement they would return to the streets on Friday if they still see militias operating.

If the government doesn’t act, “there will be a second revolution and the spark will be Benghazi,” lawyer Ibrahim al-Aribi. “We want stability and rule of law so we can start building the state, but the Tripoli government appears to have not yet quite understood people’s demands.”

Farag Akwash, a 22-year-old protester wounded in the arm during the night’s clashes, insisted, “We don’t want to see militias in the city anymore. We only want to see army and police.”

The Sept. 11 attack against the U.S. Consulate that killed Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other Americans galvanized public anger against the militias. Some 30,000 people marched through Benghazi on Friday to the gates of the Ansar al-Shariah compound, demanding the groups disband. The storming of the compound came hours later after the march ended. Protesters also stormed into the Jalaa Hospital, driving out Ansar fighters there.

The unrest comes at a time when the power vacuum in Libya continues. The first post-Gadhafi national elections in May chose a national assembly that is serving as a parliament and that chose the new president, Mohammed el-Megaref, and a prime minister, Mustafa Abushagur. But Abushagur, believed to have struck an alliance with the Muslim Brotherhood, has yet to form a cabinet. Members of the assembly are pressing him to replace the interior and defense ministers in charge of security forces and the military.

El-Megaref called on protesters to leave alone militias that are “under state legitimacy, and go home.”

Omar Humidan, assembly spokesman, acknowledged that militias “have wrong practices … serve their own agenda and have their own ideology.” But he warned that “striking these militias and demanding they disband immediately will have grave consequences.”

“The state has a weak army and no way it can fill any vacuum resulting in eviction of these militias,” he said. “The state must be given time.”

Aside from Rafallah Sahati, there are two other major militias in Benghazi that authorities rely on. One is called Libya Shield, led by Wassam Bin Hamaad, an Islamist who has resolved tribal disputes. Another is the Feb. 17 Brigade, led by Fawzi Abu Kataf, who is seen as connected to the Muslim Brotherhood. The militia is believed to be the closest to the state authorities and has helped secure borders.

Fathi Fadhali, a prominent Islamist thinker in Benghazi, said the description of some militias as “legitimate” just contradicts common sense.

“How can you be a militia and legitimate at the same time?” he said. “How do you leave a group of extremists taking charge of security?”

“The state must interfere as soon as possible — even, excuse me to say it, by using force — before everything collapses. I am extremely worried.”