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The president also proposed cutting money for states that hold immigrants in their prisons and jails under the State Criminal Alien Assistance Program, striking all $240 million for which the program was budgeted last year.

The initiative covers about a fifth of the costs states incurred for holding illegal immigrants, but the Justice Department, which administers the money, said it wasn’t able to cover the full costs and might as well scrap the program.

“Since SCAAP has shown only limited effectiveness in addressing the problems surrounding illegal immigration and criminal aliens, the administration prefers to focus the limited funding available for criminal justice assistance programs that seek efficiencies or promote national strategy,” a Justice Department official said.

Instead, Mr. Obama’s budget calls for a boost in Secure Communities, a program that empowers the administration to check prisoners held by state and local governments and decide which of those the administration wants to try to deport.

States that rely on funding for the assistance program said Mr. Obama’s push to cut the money showed he wasn’t serious about immigration enforcement.

“The Obama administration continues to make clear they have no intention of adequately securing our border or enforcing our nation’s immigration laws, leaving the states to deal with the very real consequences of a porous border,” said Lucy Nashed, spokeswoman for Texas Gov. Rick Perry, whose state receives a sizable chunk of the money.

Mr. Obama’s cuts to the program are unlikely to be approved by Congress, where lawmakers from both parties defend the spending as the only fair way to compensate states for a federal problem.

Indeed, a spokeswoman for Sen. Jeff Flake, an Arizona Republican involved in the negotiations over the immigration overhaul bill, said funding for the program is part of the deal they are working on.

“Border states like Arizona have suffered due to a lack of SCAAP funding, but the immigration reform bill reauthorizes SCAAP,” said Flake spokeswoman Genevieve Rozansky.