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SANDS: GM Robert Byrne, chess columnist, dies at age 84
We were going to start this week’s column with a preview of the coming Anand-Carlsen world title match when word came over the weekend of the passing of New York GM Robert Byrne at the age of 84. One of the best American players of the immediate postwar period, Byrne won or shared two national titles, played on multiple Olympiad teams and, in his best career result, qualified for the world championship candidates cycle with a superb third-place finish at the 1973 Leningrad internal behind Anatoly Karpov and Victor Korchnoi.
But Byrne whose brother Donald was also an excellent player is perhaps best remembered for his longtime gig as The New York Times‘ chess columnist from 1972 to 2006, as well as his many articles analyzing games for Chess Life and other publications. In an era when chess news from Russia and Europe could take weeks or months to reach these shores, Byrne’s Tuesday columns in The Times were mandatory reading for U.S. chess fans.
Byrne scored some notable scalps in his career, defeating the likes of Bobby Fischer, David Bronstein, Sammy Reshevsky, Vassily Smyslov and Bent Larsen. Byrne defeated the great Yugoslav GM Svetozar Gligoric in particularly fine style at the 1963 U.S. Open a tournament he won three times with an inspired and intricate combination cracking open his opponent’s game.
White has a space edge from the start of the King’s Indian, an edge that grows exponentially after 17. e4 Nxd5 18. cxd5 Nd4 19. Rc1 e6? (better was 19b6 20. e5 Re8) 20. e5! Nb5 (exd5?? 21. Bxd4 and the Black c-pawn is pinned) 21. Bb4 b6 22. d6.
Black tries to trade pieces to relieve the pressure, but runs into a neat tactic: 23Bc6 23. Bxc5! Bxg2 (bxc5 24. Rxc5 recovers the piece with interest) 24. Bxb6 Qb7 (White had to make sure the counter-sacrifices didn’t work on 24Qxc1 25. Qxc1 Rdc8 26. d7! Rxc1 27. Rxc1 Bb7 [axb6 28. Rc8+] 28. d8=Q+ Rxd8 29. Bxd8; or 24Bxf1 25. Rxc8 Rdxc8 26. Ba5! Nxd6 27. exd6 Bb5 28. d7 Rd8 29. Bxd8) 25. Bxd8 Bxf1 26. Be7! and it turns out Gligoric’s advanced bishop on f1 has no escape squares.
White gains a clear material edge, but Byrne shows energetic technique in bringing home the point. Black’s push for counterplay with 31. b3 g5?! 32. Ng2 gxf4 33. Nxf4 Bd4 only opens up an avenue of attack to the Black king, which White’s proceeds to exploit.
Thus: 35. Qd1! (heading for the kingside) Be5 36. Nd3! (d7? Bxd7 37. Qxd7?? Qf2+ allows Black to escape with a draw) Bg7 37. Nc5 Bc6 38. d7 Bd5 39. Rg4 (with the killer threat of 40. Rxg7+!) f5 40. Bf6! Kf7 (fxg4 41. Qxg4 leads to mate) 41. Rxg7+ Kxf6 42. Qd4+ e5 43. Qxd5 Kxg7 44. Qxa8, and Black resigned as the checks quickly run out on 44Qxc5 45. d8=Q Qf2+ 46. Qg2.
Rochelle Ballantyne, a member of the famed Brooklyn Castles championship scholastic squad and the highest rated black female player in the country, will conduct a 20-board simultaneous exhibition this Thursday at 4:30 p.m. at the THEARC in Anacostia, located at 1901 Mississippi Ave. SE. Ballantyne, 17, and headed to Stanford on a full scholarship next fall, is on track to become the country’s first female African-American chess master and has already won two U.S. Girls Championship age group titles.
The U.S. Chess Center and the Washington Teachers Union are co-sponsoring the event, which will be held on the first D.C. “Chess in the Schools Day.” Proceeds from the event will help fund the Chess Center’s activities. For more details, call the Center at 202/ 857-4922.
It was a classic Cinderella story if one of the wicked stepsisters won the hand of the prince.
In its first year fielding a team, St. Louis-based Webster University is the new king of college chess, defeating traditional powerhouses University of Maryland-Baltimore County and University of Texas-Dallas to take home the President’s Cup as champions of the chess Final Four in Rockville, the weekend of April 6-7.
But Webster in a story that attracted national media attention did not exactly come out of nowhere. Coach Sofia Polgar transplanted her team from Texas Tech to Webster, while recruiting four freshman grandmasters to fill out the highest-rated squad in college chess history. Webster blanked the University of Illinois 4-0 in the first round, conceded just one draw to UMBC, and bested UT-D 3-1 in the final round to claim the cup.
One of the best fights of the weekend featured UT-D GM Julio Sadorra and UMBC IM Nazi Paikidze. In a super-sharp opening, Sadorra misses a winning shot early on, and then has to win the game all over again. White comes through with an unusual piece sacrifice in the ending.
The position arising out of a sharp Ragozin QGD line after 12. Kd1 0-0 13. Bc4 Nxc5 is double-edged; White gets a strong bishop pair but his king is very awkwardly placed in the center. In the tricky tactics that follow, relying on pins, X-ray attacks and deflections, both players lose their way.
Thus: 14. Be7 Bb4! 15 Bxf8 Be6 16. Qd4 Rd8 17. Bd6 (Bxc5!? Bxc5 18. Qxd8+ Qxd8+ 19. Ke2 Qa5 is very unclear) Na4? (better now was 17b5! 18. Bxe6 [Bf1!? Na4 19. Qe4 Bxd6 20. Nd4 Nc3+ 21. Rxc3 Qxc3 22. Nxe6 Qa1+ 23. Ke2 Qxa2+ 24. Kf3 Re8 is fine for Black] Nxe6 19. Qe4 Bxd6 20. Ke2 Qxa2+, with chances for both sides) 18. Bxe6 fxe6 (see diagram), when a computer-aided columnist can recommend the winning shot 19. Rc8!! Rxc8 (Nc3+ 20. Ke1 Nb5+ 21. Qxb4 Qxb4+ 22. Bxb4 Rxc8 23. Ke2) 20. Bxb4, and White comes out a piece to the good.
Instead, the struggle begins all over again after 19. Ke2? Nc3+ 20. Rxc3 Bxc3 21. Qc4 Rxd6, and material is even. Paikidze has a bishop for knight and a queenside majority, but his e-pawn is a weakness.
But having walked one tactical tightrope, Black stumbles on the second: 22. Qc8+ Rd8? (better was 22Kf7! 23. Qxb7+ Kf6, when 24. Qb3?? allows 24Qa6+ 25. Qc4 Qxc4 mate) 23. Qxe6+ Kh8 24. Rb1 (stopping the queen check on b5) Qa4 25. Ng5!, cleverly inviting his opponent to “win” a piece. Black obliges with 25Qc2+ 26. Kf3 Rf8+ (Qxb1?? 27. Nf7+ leads to mate) 27. Nf7+! Kg8 28. Rxb7 Qg6 29. Qxg6 hxg6 30. Rxa7 Rxf7+ 31. Rxf7 Kxf7.
The knight is gone, but the price is high three pawns against Black’s lone bishop. The game’s last blunder is 33. Kf4 Be5+? (Bf6, keeping the White king from g5, held out much longer) 34. Kg5 Kf7 35. a5, and the swarm of passed White pawns proves too much. In the final position, the bishop is overwhelmed in lines like 41Bc5 42. f5 Bd4 43. fxg6+ Kxg6 44. h5+ Kf7 45. Kf5 Bc5 46. g4; Black resigned.
1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. g3 Bg7 4. Bg2 O-O 5. Nc3 d6 6. Nf3 c5 7. O-O Nc6 8. dxc5 dxc5 9. Be3 Qa5 10. Bd2 Bf5 11. Nd5 Qd8 12. Nh4 Bg4 13. h3 Bd7 14. Bc3 Qc8 15. Kh2 Rd8 16. f4 Be8 17. e4 Nxd5 18. cxd5 Nd4 19. Rc1 e6 20. e5 Nb5 21. Bb4 b6 22. d6 Bc6 23. Bxc5 Bxg2 24. Bxb6 Qb7 25. Bxd8 Bxf1 26. Be7 Nxd6 27. exd6 Bb5 28. Rc7 Qb8 29. a4 Be8 30. Qc2 Qb4 31. b3 g5 32. Ng2 gxf4 33. Nxf4 Bd4 34. Rc4 Qb6 35. Qd1 Be5 36. Nd3 Bg7 37. Nc5 Bc6 38. d7 Bd5 39. Rg4 f5 40. Bf6 Kf7 41. Rxg7+ Kxf6 42. Qd4+ e5 43. Qxd5 Kxg7 44. Qxa8 Black resigns
Sadorra-Paikidze, College Chess Final Four, Rockville, Md., April 2013
1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nf3 d5 4. Nc3 Bb4 5. Bg5 Nbd7 6. e3 c5 7. cxd5 exd5 8. dxc5 Qa5 9. Rc1 Ne4 10. Qxd5 Nxc3 11. bxc3 Bxc3+ 12. Kd1 O-O 13. Bc4 Nxc5 14. Be7 Bb4 15. Bxf8 Be6 16. Qd4 Rd8 17. Bd6 Na4 18. Bxe6 fxe6 19. Ke2 Nc3+ 20. Rxc3 Bxc3 21. Qc4 Rxd6 22. Qc8+ Rd8 23. Qxe6+ Kh8 24. Rb1 Qa4 25. Ng5 Qc2+ 26. Kf3 Rf8+ 27. Nf7+ Kg8 28. Rxb7 Qg6 29. Qxg6 hxg6 30. Rxa7 Rxf7+ 31. Rxf7 Kxf7 32. a4 Ke6 33. Kf4 Be5+ 34. Kg5 Kf7 35. a5 Bb8 36. f4 Bc7 37. a6 Bd8+ 38. Kg4 Bb6 39. e4 Kf6 40. e5+ Kf7 41. h4 Black resigns
• David R. Sands can be reached at 202/636-3178 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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About the Author
Raised in Northern Virginia, David R. Sands received an undergraduate degree from the University of Virginia and a master’s degree from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. He worked as a reporter for several Washington-area business publications before joining The Washington Times.
At The Times, Mr. Sands has covered numerous beats, including international trade, banking, politics ...
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