Saudi jihadist Ibn al-Khattab was in Afghanistan with extremist fighters 1989 to 1994, where he first met bin Laden.
Several hundred of his fighters eventually trained in al Qaeda camps in Afghanistan. With bin Laden’s financial support, Al-Khattab also mobilized fighters from the neighboring Russian Caucasus republics of Ingushetia, Dagestan and Ossetia, and from the newly independent neighboring states Georgia and Azerbaijan to fight in Chechnya.
By August 1995, the U.N. listing says, substantial numbers of those fighting against Russian troops in the breakaway republic were “Afghan Arabs,” Arab extremists with combat experience fighting the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan.
In October 2001, after the 9/11 terror attacks, Al-Khattab reciprocted the aid, sending fighters to Afghanistan to help the Taliban and al-Qaeda brace themselves for an expected U.S. invasion.
Caucasus Emirate/Emarat Kavkaz:
The group seeks the establishment of an Islamic state in the North Caucasus — an area of southwestern Russia consisting of half-a-dozen republics including Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia and North Ossetia.
The emirate was listed as a terror group by the Russian in February 2010 and by the United Nations the following year. It was declared by its leader and spiritual guide Doku K. Umarov in October 2007.
“Our next task is to make the Caucasus a purely Islamic area by instituting Sharia in the land and driving out the infidels,” he said.
He called on his supporters to go to war not just against Russia, but against all states. The groups’ supporters maintain a website which regularly posts videos of its leaders caliming responsibility for terrorist acts in Russia, including the suicide bombing at the Domodedovo airport in Moscow on Jan. 24, 2011.
Armed Forces of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
Dagestani Shari’ah Jamaat
Islambouli Brigades of al-Qa’ida
Sword of Islam